Nassau-Woudenberg Infantry

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Dutch Army >> Nassau-Woudenberg Infantry

Origin and History

The regiment was raised on 19 May 1672 for Johan van Stockheim.

On the eve of the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment consisted of one battalion and belonged to the Provinces of Utrecht.

Since its creation, the successive colonels of the regiment were:

  • from 19 May 1672: Johan van Stockheim
  • from 1674: Hendrik van Weede
  • from 12 March 1700: Cornelis van Nassau, Heer van Woudenberg (promoted to brigadier in 1704, to major-general in 1709, killed in action at the battle of Denain on 24 July 1712)
  • from 1712: Albert Burchard de Jonckheere

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive commanders of the regiment were:

  • from 19 April 1709: Johann Nijs
  • from 13 April 1711 to 1731: Albert Burchard de Jonckheere

In 1752, the regiment was incorporated into the regiment Jean Francois le Croye.

Service during the War

From April to June 1702, the regiment was at the siege of Kaiserswerth. By July, it was with the Allied army near Nijmegen. On October, it was at the siege of Liège. It took up its winter-quarters in Aachen

In 1703, the regiment is reported at the camp of Tieze. It took up its winter-quarters in Aachen.

During the campaign of 1704, the regiment was posted on the Meuse.

By 1705, the regiment comprised a staff (13 men), 1 grenadier company (66 men) and 11 musketeer companies (each of 66 men, for a total of 805 men. The same year, it took part in a combat in the Lines of Oostmaler.

On 23 May 1706, the regiment fought in the Battle of Ramillies. In September, it took part in the siege and capture of Ath.

In 1707, the regiment campaigned in Flanders.

On 11 July 1708, the regiment took part in the Battle of Oudenarde.

On 11 September 1709, the regiment took part in the Battle of Malplaquet.

From April to June 1710, the regiment was present at the Siege of Douai.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform circa 1703 - Copyright: Richard Couture
Uniform Details circa 1703 as per de Wilde and Belaubre
Headgear
Fusilier black felt hat without lace
Grenadier no information available
Neck stock white
Coat medium grey with grey lining and with tin buttons from top to bottom on the right side
Collar none
Shoulder Straps none
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 tin buttons
Cuffs medium grey, each with 3 tin buttons
Turnbacks none (it seems that the basques of the coat could be turned back if needed but this was a rare practice during this period)
Waistcoat medium grey with small tin buttons from top to bottom
Breeches medium grey
Stockings medium grey
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather, worn above the coat
Cartridge Pouch natural leather
Bayonet Scabbard natural leather
Scabbard natural leather
Footwear black shoes fastened with a buckle


Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet; and a sword.

NCOs

Sergeants wore a uniform similar to the one of the rank and file with the following distinctions:

  • medium grey coat with red lining and with red cuffs, with a red aiguillette on the right shoulder
  • red waistcoat
  • red stockings

Officers

Officers wore a uniform similar to the one of the sergeants but of a better quality.

Musicians

Drummers wore a yellow coat with red lining and red cuffs. Their stockings were probably yellow.

Colours

no information found yet

References

Belaubre, Jean and Dr. de Wilde, Claus-Peter Golberg, Kaltenkirchen, 2001, pp. 22-23

Tessin, Georg: Die Regimenter der europäischen Staaten im Ancién Regime des XVI. bis XVIII. Jahrhunderts. Teil 1. Die Stammlisten, Osnabrück 1986.

N.B.: the section Service during the War is partly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.

Acknowledgement

Phil Carrington for his work on the lineage of Dutch regiments

Mathias Kussmann for the initial version of the article