National Regiment Greber

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Palatine Army >> National Regiment Greber

Origin and History

The regiment was erected as Militia or National Regiment Greber in the second half of 1702. It did not consist of recruited soldiers but of subjects (Untertanen) of the noble estates.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive Chefs of the regiment were:

  • from 1702: Johann Ludwig Greber
  • from 1704: Major-General Johann Wilhelm Baron Efferen, called "Hall zum Busch" (became Chef of the former Battalion Westerwald-Dillenburg at the end of 1709]])

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive commanders of the regiment were:

  • in 1702: Colonel Johann Ludwig Greber
  • in 1705: Lieutenant-Colonel Dominic de la Violette

The regiment was disbanded in Catalonia on 1 May 1709.

Service during the War

1703

In October 1703, the regiment (2 battalions) was assigned to the corps of Count Nassau-Weilburg at the camp of Möhlberg.

On 8 November, the regiment left Mühlberg and marched with the corps of Nassau-Weilburg to Mannheim.

On 15 November, the regiment took part in the Combat of Speyerbach. After the battle, most of the soldiers deserted and returned to their homeland, the rest went to the Lines of Stollhofen.

1704

On 23 January 1704, the regiment became a regular line regiment with 16 companies and from that date recruits were enlisted in the Duchy of Neuburg and in Upper Palatinate. The regiment was now called "Alt Efferen" and garrisoned Mannheim.

In May, two ships arrived with newly raised recruits led by Lieutenant-Colonel de la Violette, Captain La Roche and Beyer

From 13 September until 26 November the regiment (1 battalion) took part in the Siege of Landau, where it was deployed north of the Queich River.

1705

In 1705, the regiment (915 men) was taken in Dutch/English pay, was assigned to the Army of the Moselle in the corps of the Dutch General Dopf.

On 29 March, the regiment was sent to Kaiserslautern and later garrisoned Trier. The Palatine troops there (11 battalions and 11 squadrons) were under Lieutenant-General von Aubach.

On 25 June, Aubach retreated with his troops to Trarbach.

In August, the regiment was assigned to the army of the Margrave of Baden on the Upper Rhine.

On 20 September, the regiment took part in the conquest of Drusenheim.

In November, the regiment encamped in the cold and snow until 22 November.

At the beginning of December, the regiment (still 2 battalions) took up its winter-quarters in Kaiserslautern.

For the next campaign, the regiment was assigned to the army of Prince Eugène in Italy.

1706

In mid-January 1706, the regiment encamped between Chiese and Lake Garda as part of the corps of the Imperial General Batté.

On 30 June, the regiment was reviewed, it numbered 1,149 men.

On 16 July, the bridge near Masi being completed, the regiment set off from Bonavigo and crossed the Po River on 20 July.

On 7 September, the regiment took part in the 1706-09-07 – Battle of Turin, where it was deployed in the second line in Efferen's Brigade.

In October, the regiment took part in the siege of Tortona.

In December, as part of FZM Rehbinder's Corps, the regiment (973 men), took up its winter-quarters.

1707

At the end of April 1707, the regiment was posted on the Dora Baltea.

On 30 June, as part of Prince Eugène's Army, the regiment marched towards Nice, for the planned invasion of Provence.

On 26 July, the regiment (now 832 men) arrived with the army at Toulon.

On 15 August, during the Siege of Toulon, the regiment lost 156 men in heavy fighting on the heights of La Croix Pharon and Saint-Catherine. In the night of 21 to 22 August, the Allies raised the siege and retreated, reaching Nice on 30 August.

16. September, the regiment, still in Rehbinder's Corps, reached the camp at Scalenghe near Pinerolo.

On 21 December, the regiment was reviewed at Vado.

1708

On 1 January 1708, the regiment left Vado aboard ships, and sailed for Spain, reaching Barcelona on 25 January.

In March, the regiment formed part of the garrison of Tortosa under the command of Major-General Johann Wilhelm Baron Efferen.

From 20 June, the regiment took part in the defence of Tortosa, which surrendered with military honours on 11 July. During the siege, the regiment lost 313 men.

On 21 July, the regiment joined the army of Field Marshal Starhemberg near Riudoms.

By 23 September, the regiment was at the camp of Monroig.

On 28 October, the regiment marched to its winter-quarters in Castello Ampuras and Figueras.

1709

On 1 May 1709, the very weak regiment was disbanded in Catalonia, and its soldiers were distributed among various regiments.

Uniform

Privates

File:National Regiment Greber Uniform Plate.jpg
Uniform circa 1706 - Copyright Kronoskaf
Uniform Details as per Bezzel and Hall
Headgear
Fusilier black tricorn laced white
Grenadier no information found
Neck stock black with a white stripe
Coat dark blue with yellow lining and with copper buttons from top to bottom on the right side, one copper button on each side in the small of the back
Collar none
Shoulder Straps yellow aiguillette on the right shoulder
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 copper buttons
Cuffs yellow, each with 3 copper buttons
Turnbacks none (it seems that the basques of the coat could be turned back if needed but this was a rare practice during this period)
Waistcoat yellow with small copper buttons
Breeches dark blue
Stockings white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt buff leather
Waistbelt buff leather, worn above the coat
Cartridge Pouch buff leather
Bayonet Scabbard buff leather
Scabbard buff leather with brass tip
Footwear black shoes fastened with a strap


Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet; and a sword.

In 1708, the uniform was modified: dark blue coat with red lining, red lapels and red cuffs, red waistcoat, dark blue breeches.

NCOs

NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of the rank and file but with the following distinctions:

  • cuffs bordered with a yellow braid
  • absence of the large ammunition pouch

Corporals and sergeant-majors carried a stick and a halberd or a pike.

Officers

Officers carried spontoons and had white and blue sashes.

Musicians

The uniforms of the musicians were identical to those of the rank and file but decorated with lace.

Colours

no information found

References

Bezzel, O.: Geschichte des Kurpfälzischen Heeres, Bayrisches Kriegsarchiv, IV. File, part 1 and 2, Munich 1925

Goldberg, Claus-Peter and Robert Hall: War of the Spanish Succession 1701-1714 – Electorate Palatine under Elector Johann Wilhelm 1690-1716, s.l., 2003

N.B.: the section Service during the War is partly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.

Acknowledgement

Harald Skala the initial version of this article