Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Nice Infanterie
Origin and History
This Piedmontese regiment was formed on 8 December 1678 by Jean-Baptiste de Ferrero, Marquis de Saint-Laurent with the Italian sergeants and soldiers of the Savoyard regiments Ducal, Saluces, Savoie, Chablais and Genèvois disbanded the same year.
In 1689, during the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment campaigned in Flanders. In 1690, it took part in the Battle of Fleurus; and in 1691, in the siege of Mons. On 8 May 1691, the regiment took the name of the County of Nice which had just been conquered. In 1692, it took part in the siege of Namur and in the Battle of Steenkerque; in 1693, in the Battle of Landen and in the siege of Charleroi; and in 1695, in the defence of Namur. It then served on the Meuse and the Moselle until the Peace of Ryswick.
During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was commanded by:
- from 8 December 1678: Jean-Baptiste de Ferrero, Marquis de Saint-Laurent
- from 11 March 1708 to 4 February 1716: Marquis de Sérent
Service during the War
In 1702, the regiment was attached to the Army of Germany and took part in the capture of Trier and Trarbach.
In 1703, the regiment took part in the Siege of Alt-Breisach and in the Siege of Landau.
On 13 August 1704, the regiment took part in the Battle of Blenheim.
In 1705, the regiment campaigned in the Army of Flanders.
On 23 May 1706, the regiment took part in the Battle of Ramillies.
On 11 July 1708, the regiment fought in the Battle of Oudenarde.
On 1709, the regiment took part in the defence of Mons.
In 1710, the regiment took part in the defence of Aire.
From 1711 to 1713, the regiment served in Flanders.
This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain: Susane, Louis: Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française, J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 8, pp. 209-211