Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Nivernais Infanterie
Origin and History
The regiment was created on 17 September 1684 and formed with companies taken from Picardie Infanterie. It took the name of the Province of Nivernais. Indeed, expecting a coalition to soon form against France, Louis XIV raised 30 new regiments from September 1 to 30 for the defence of the various places of the realm. By raising one regiment a day, he avoided any problem of precedence among these new regiments. The regiment was given to Paul-Sigismond de Montmorency-Luxembourg, Comte de Luxe.
In 1691, during the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment took part in the siege of Mons; in 1692, in the siege of Namur. In 1693, it was transferred to the Army of Italy and participated in the Battle of Marsaglia” In 1696, it took part in the siege of Valenza. In 1697, it was transferred to the Army of the Meuse.
During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was commanded by:
- from 18 October 1689: Elie de Castelmoron, Comte de Belzunce
- from March 1701: Montmorency-Luxembourg
- from 17 September 1704 to 6 March 1719: Paul-Hippolyte de Sanguin, Chevalier de Livry
Service during the War
In 1702, the regiment was allocated to the Army of Germany. On 14 October, it fought in the Battle of Friedlingen.
In 1703, the regiment served under Villars at the Siege of Kehl. It later took part in the expedition in Bavaria.
On 13 August 1704, the regiment took part in the Battle of Blenheim.
In 1705, the regiment served on the Moselle.
In 1706, the regiment was allocated to the Army of the Lower Rhine.
In 1707, the regiment was sent to Flanders.
On 11 July 1708, the regiment fought in the Battle of Oudenarde.
On 11 September 1709, the regiment fought in the sanguinary Battle of Malplaquet.
In 1711, the regiment took part in the Combat of Arleux.
On 24 July 1712, the regiment fought in the Battle of Denain. It later took part in the Siege of Douai and in the recapture of Le Quesnoy and Bouchain.
In 1713, the regiment took part in the sieges of Landau and Freiburg.
This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:
- Susane, Louis: Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française, J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 8, pp. 231-232