Noirmont Cavalry

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Noirmont Cavalry

Origin and History

The regiment was raised in Bruges on 17 October 1670 by the Baron de San Juan as a “tercio de caballeria espanola”.

In 1667, during the War of Devolution (1667–68), the unit took part in the unsuccessful defence of Cambrai.

In 1692, during the Nine Years' War (1688–97), the regiment fought in the Battle of Steenkerque; in 1693, in the Battle of Landen.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive colonels of the regiment were:

  • since 24 December 1695: Leonel Gallo de Salamanca, Baron de Noirmont (promoted to maréchal de camp in 1706, died in 1707)
  • from 21 March 1703: Gabriel Cano de Aponte (promoted to brigadier in 1706)
  • from 1715: Nicolas Richard du Puys

In 1715, the regiment was integrated in the Du Puys Cavalry. In 1718, the regiment was renamed “Barcelona”. It was disbanded in 1763 and incorporated in “Principe Cavalry”.

Service during the War

In the Spring of 1701, the two squadrons of the regiment were stationed in the Spanish Netherlands.

By mid-April 1702, the two squadrons of the regiment were stationed in Waasland. On 11 May, the regiment formed part of the corps (7 bns, 5 sqns) of the Marquis de Bedmar who marched from Antwerp. On 13 May, Bedmar's Corps effected a junction with M. de Lamothe (15 bns, 11 sqns). Bedmar then made a diversion on Hulst with 13 bns and 11 sqns but did not succeed to distract Coehoorn from the siege of Saint-Donas. By the end of September, the regiment was attached to the main army under the Maréchal de Boufflers.

At the beginning of May 1703, the regiment was assuming garrison duty in Waasland. By mid-June, it was attached to Bedmar's field army. On 30 June, it took part in the Battle of Ekeren.

On 23 May 1706, the regiment was at the Battle of Ramillies.

On 11 July 1708, the regiment was at the Battle of Oudenarde. On 28 September, it took part in the engagement of Wijnendale.

On 11 September 1709, the regiment took part in the Battle of Malplaquet.

From 1710, when it returned to Spain, to 1713, the regiment was in French pay.

On 20 August 1710, the regiment took part in the Battle of Saragossa.

Uniform

no information found yet

Officers

Uniforms of officers differed from those of privates and NCOs by the finer material used. Their waistcoat, saddle cloth and housings were edged with a wide golden braid. They always wore a tricorne notwithstanding the headgear worn by soldiers.

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • colonel: a baton with a gold knob
  • lieutenant-colonel: a baton with a silver knob
  • sargento mayor: a baton with a silver topped knob
  • captain: silver or golden epaulettes (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on both shoulders
  • lieutenant: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the right shoulder
  • cornet: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the left shoulder

NCOs

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • sergeant : baton without knob and halberd
  • mariscal de logis (quartermaster): small woolen epaulette (red or of the distinctive colour of the regiment)
  • brigadier: swagger stick
  • corporal of squadron: swagger stick
  • second corporal of squadron (rank suppressed in 1706): swagger stick

Standards

no information found yet

References

This article is partly made of abridged and adapted excerpts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Clonard, Conde de, Historia Orgánica de las Armas de Infantería y Caballería, vol. XV, Madrid, 1851-62, p. 67

Dragonas Magazine

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.

Acknowledgement

Jean-Pierre Loriot for the initial version of this article.