Northumberland (70)

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Navies >> British Navy >> Northumberland (70)

Origin and History

The ship was initially built by Francis Bayley at Bristol and launched in June 1679.

On 29 May 1692, during the Nine Years' War (1688–97), the ship took part in the Battle of Barfleur. A few days later, on 4 June, she fought at the Battle of La Hogue. In 1694, she served in the Mediterranean.

From 1699, she was rebuilt by Robert Shortis at Chatham Dockyard and relaunched in 1702.

On 8 December 1703, the ship was lost with all hands (220 men) on the Goodwin Sands during the Great Storm.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the ship was under the command of:

  • from 1702 to 8 December 1703: Captain John Greenway

Service during the War

In August 1702, the ship was part of the powerful combined fleet assembled for the unsuccessful expedition against Cádiz. On its way home, this fleet captured the largest part of the plate-fleet in the Battle of Vigo Bay where the ship was attached to the division of Rear-Admiral John Graydon.

On 8 December 1703, the ship was lost with all hands (220 men) on the Goodwin Sands during the Great Storm.

Characteristics

These are the characteristics after the rebuild of 1702.

Technical specifications
Guns 70
Lower gundeck 24 x 24-pdrs
Upper gundeck 26 x demi-culverin
Quarterdeck 12 x 6-pdrs
Forecastle 4 x 6-pdrs
Roundhouse 4 x 3-pdrs
Crew 360 men (220 men in 1703 when she was wrecked)
Length at gundeck 152 ft (46.33 m)
Width 40 ft 4 in (12.29 m)
Depth 17 ft 3 in (5.26 m)
Displacement 1096 Tons (Builder's Old Measurement)

References

Phillips, M., Michael Phillip's Ships of the Old Navy

Harrison, Simon and Manuel Blasco, Three Decks - Warships in the Age of Sail

Wikipedia

N.B.: the section Service during the War is partly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.