Origin and History
The regiment was raised in Osnabrück in 1675. It initially consisted of four companies.
In 1676, during the Franco-Dutch War (1672-78), the regiment took part in the siege of Maastricht; in 1677, in the engagement of Casale; and in 1678, in the Battle of Saint-Denis.
In 1678, the regiment participated in the relief of Hamburg, threatened by the Danes.
In 1680, the regiment was reduced to two companies, but was soon re-established at four companies in 1682. In 1683, two additional companies were recruited.
In 1686, the regiment was once more posted on the Elbe to guard Hamburg against Danish entreprises.
In 1688, at the outbreak of the Nine Years’ War (1688-97), the regiment served on the Rhine. In 1689, it was at the capture of Mainz and Bonn. In 1690, it was transferred to the Netherlands where it took part in the Battle of Fleurus, returning home for the winter. In 1693, it was sent to the Netherlands once more where it took part in the Battle of Landen. In 1694, the regiment was sent to Hungary where it joined the Imperial army in its camp at Peterwardein. In 1695, it was initially sent to the Rhine, then transferred to the Netherlands where it took part in the capture of Namur.
In 1700, the regiment was sent to the Duchy of Holstein to contain the Danes.
During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive regimental Inhabers were:
- from 1693: Colonel Count Noyelle (killed in action in 1704 at Blenheim)
- from 1704 to 1729: Colonel Alexander von der Schulenburg (retired as lieutenant-general in 1729)
Service during the War
On 20 March 1702, the regiment took part in the invasion of the Principality of Wolfenbüttel. On 21 March, it was at the capture of the “Landwehr” near Oelper and Riddagshausen. It then took part in the investment of Braunschweig and Wolfenbüttel.
From May1704, the regiment took part in Marlborough's march to the Danube. On 13 August, it fought in the Battle of Blenheim where its colonel, Count Noyelles was killed in action. It then returned to the Netherlands.
On 23 May 1706, the regiment took part in the Battle of Ramillies.
On 11 July 1708, the regiment took part in the Battle of Oudenarde.
On 11 September 1709, the regiment took part in the Battle of Malplaquet.
The uniform of the regiment consisted of a white coat with red distinctive, a red waistcoat and gold metal.
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This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:
- Wissel, Friedrich v. and Georg von Wissel: Geschichte der Errichtung sämmtlicher Chur-Braunschweig-Lüneburgischen Truppen, sammt ihren Fahnen, Standarten und Pauken-Devisen ..., Zelle, 1786, pp. 85-100