Ordenes Nuevo Cavalry

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Ordenes Nuevo Cavalry

Origin and History

The regiment was raised on 4 May 1706 by order of the Duke de Veragua, president of the Consejo de Ordenes. On 11 June 1706, it assembled in Madrid.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive colonels of the regiment were:

  • since 4 May 1706: Joseph Ramón Jiménez de Enciso y Fernández de Santillán, Count del Paraíso
  • from March 1707 to 1715: Gaspar de Venegas y Córdoba

The regiment was disbanded in 1715 and incorporated in Galindo Cavalry.

Service during the War

On 25 April 1707, the regiment fought in the Battle of Almansa.

In 1709, the regiment took part in the siege of Alicante.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1706- Copyright Kronoskaf
Uniform Details
Headgear black tricorne laced yellow, with a red cockade fastened with a golden clip and a brass button
Neck stock white
Coat red with brass buttons on the right side
Collar none
Shoulder straps 3 yellow ribbons on the right shoulder
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with white 3 brass buttons
Cuffs dark blue, each with 3 brass buttons
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat dark blue with brass buttons
Breeches dark blue
Leather Equipment
Bandolier natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather worn above the coat
Cartridge Box natural leather ventral cartridge box
Scabbard black leather with a white metal tip
Footgear natural leather boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth dark blue edged with a wide yellow braid
Housings dark blue edged with a wide yellow braid
Blanket roll dark blue


Troopers were armed with a sword, a pistol and a carbine.

Officers

Uniforms of officers differed from those of privates and NCOs by the finer material used. Their waistcoat, saddle cloth and housings were edged with a wide golden braid. They always wore a tricorne notwithstanding the headgear worn by soldiers.

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • colonel: a baton with a gold knob
  • lieutenant-colonel: a baton with a silver knob
  • sargento mayor: a baton with a silver topped knob
  • captain: silver or golden epaulettes (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on both shoulders
  • lieutenant: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the right shoulder
  • cornet: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the left shoulder

NCOs

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • sergeant : baton without knob and halberd
  • mariscal de logis (quartermaster): small woolen epaulette (red or of the distinctive colour of the regiment)
  • brigadier: swagger stick
  • corporal of squadron: swagger stick
  • second corporal of squadron (rank suppressed in 1706): swagger stick

Musicians

Trumpeters wore a “reversed colours” uniform: dark blue coat with red distinctive.

Standards

Regimental standards: red standard fringed and embroidered in gold; centre device consisting of two red crosses and two unidentified elements on a white ground within a golden laurel wreath; corner devices consisting of a white cross of Burgundy.

References

Clonard, Conde de, Historia Orgánica de las Armas de Infantería y Caballería, vol. XV, Madrid, 1851-62, p. 189

Caballipedia - Regimiento de Caballería Infante

Dragonas Magazine

Acknowledgement

Jean-Pierre Loriot for the initial version of this article.