Orford (70)

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Navies >> British Navy >> Orford (70)

Origin and History

The ship was built by Edward Snelgrove at Deptford and launched on 27 April 1698.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the ship was under the command of:

  • in 1701: Captain Jasper Hicks
  • fronm 1702 to 1704: Captain Sir John Norris
  • in 1705: Captain Edmind Loades
  • from 1706 to 1708: Captain Charles Cornwall

The ship was broken up in August 1709 to undergo a rebuild at Limehouse.

Service during the War

In August 1702, the ship was part of the powerful combined fleet assembled for the unsuccessful expedition against Cádiz. On its way home, this fleet captured the largest part of the plate-fleet in the Battle of Vigo Bay.

Early in 1703, the ship captured two privateers (the Philippeaux (36) and a 16-guns). In November, as part of Leake's squadron sailing in the Channel, she was sent, along with two other warships, in chase of the French Hasard (52). These three British ships forced the French ship to strike after a combat of 6 hours.

In July 1704, the ship took part in the capture of Gibraltar. On 24 August, she fought in the Battle of Málaga.

In 1705, the ship took part in the reduction of Dénia on the Mediterranean coast of Spain.

In 1706, the ship served with the British fleet of the Mediterranean.

In 1707, the ship served in the Mediterranean and, in August, took part in the siege of Toulon. On her way to Great Britain, she was present at the great naval disaster off the Isles of Scilly but suffered only light damage and managed to reach Portsmouth.

In 1708, the ship served in the North Sea and the Channel.

Characteristics

Technical specifications
Guns 70 (in 1698)
Lower gundeck 26 x demi-cannon
Upper gundeck 26 x 12-pdrs
Quarterdeck 10 x sakers
Forecastle 4 x sakers
Roundhouse 4 x 3-pdrs
Crew 460 men
Length at gundeck 150 ft 5 in (45.85 m)
Width 40 ft 6 in (12.34 m)
Depth 17 ft 1 in (5.21 m)
Displacement 1068 Tons (Builder's Old Measurement)

References

Phillips, M., Michael Phillip's Ships of the Old Navy

Harrison, Simon and Manuel Blasco, Three Decks - Warships in the Age of Sail

Wikipedia

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.