Pálffy ab Erdöd, Nikolaus VI, Count
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Pálffy ab Erdöd, Nikolaus (VI), Count
Imperial General-Feldwachtmeister (1690-1692), Feldmarschall-Lieutenant (1692-1701) Feldzeugmeister (1701-1718), Field-Marshal (1718-1732)
Palatine of Hungary (1713-1732), Proprietor of an infantry regiment (1700-1732)
born 1 May 1657, Pressburg (present-day Bratislava/SK), Habsburg Domain
died 20 February 1732 , Pressburg, Habsburg Domain
The Pálffy family is one of the eldest aristocratic family of Hungary. In 1581, a Pálffy was appointed baron and, in 1599, raised to count of the Empire.
Nikolaus (VI) was born on 1 May 1657. He was the eldest son of Nikolaus (IV.) Count Pálffy and Eleonora Countess Harrach.
Pálffy joined the Imperial Army very young.
In 1680, Nikolaus (VI) married Katharina Elisabeth von Weichs zu Rösberg. The couple had one son and 4 daughters.
In 1683, Nikolaus assumed command of a Hayduken cavalry corps and took part in the relief of Vienna. He also participated in the following campaigns of the Great Turkish War until 1687. Due to his valour, Nikolaus was appointed commander of Esztregom.
In 1688, Nikolaus joined the army of Max Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria and fought in the battle of Belgrade and in the following battles of Batočina and Niš.
On 30 May 1690, Nikolaus was promoted to general (GFWM). The same year, he took part in the defence of Belgrade, which was besieged by the Turks.
In 1691, Nikolaus fought in the battles of Szlankamen and Peterwardein.
On 6 August 1692, Nikolaus was promoted to lieutenant-marshal (Feldmarschall-Lieutenant, FML) and commander of Kaschau (present-day Košice).
In 1694, Nikolaus was appointed Obergespan(1) of Pressburg and commander of Pressburg Castle.
In 1700, Nikolaus was appointed InhaberI (proprietor) of Nicolaus Pálffy Infantry. He would resigned from this function on 1 February 1732, just few week before his death.
On 7 September 1701, Nikolaus was promoted to Feldzeugmeister (FZM) and, the same year, was appointed Kronhüter (crown protector of the Hungarian kingdom and colonel of the Imperial Trabantengarde (foot guard).
In 1711, Nikolaus was appointed as the highest equerry of Empress Eleonore. The same year, he was also appointed knight of Order of the Golden Fleece.
On 15 October 1713, Nikolaus was elected Palatin of the Kingdom of Hungary,.
In 1718, Nikolaus was promoted to field-marshal (FM).
On 30 June 1722, Nikolaus, along with the archbishop of Kalocsa, Emerich Count Csáky, who had been nominated in the Hungarian State Parliament, held the “Pragmatic Sanction” in Pressburg. He was in close contact with Prince Eugène de Savoie and informed him about the situation in Hungary during the uprising of the Hungarian aristocracy.
Nikolaus (VI) died on 20 February 1732 in Pressburg and was buried in the family tomb at Malatzka (present-day Malacky/SK).
(1) “Obergespan” , in Hungarian “Fösipan”, was the highest administrator of an Hungarian administrative district, Komitat.
Wikipedia – Nikolaus Pálffy (Palatin
Wurzbach, C.v.: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaisertums Österreich, file 2, p. 214, Vienna 1870
Arneth: Prinz Eugen v. Savoyen, file I, pp. 229ff, Vienna 1838
Schmidt-Brentano: Kaiserliche und k.k. Generale (1618-1815), ÖSTA 2006
Harald Skala for the initial version of this article