Origin and History
The regiment was raised on 22 August 1665 for Louis de Aquila.
On the eve of the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment consisted of one battalion and belonged to the Provinces of Utrecht.
Since its creation, the successive colonels of the regiment were:
- from 22 August 1665: Louis de Aquila
- from 3 August 1673: Hendrik Torck
- from 21 August 1674: Gerard Ploos van Amstel Heer van Oudegein
- from 15 February 1680: François de Ram van Hagedoorn
- from 15 February 1691: Daniel Maximiliaan Hertaing van Marquette
- from 16 August 1699 to 1740: Johann Werner Baron van Pallandt Heer van Eerde (promoted to brigadier in 1701, to major-general in 1704 and to lieutenant-general in 1709)
During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive commanders of the regiment were:
- from 29 December 1704: Diederick Mainhard van Lennep
- from 29 August 1705: Johann Adolf van Dorth
In 1752, the regiment was incorporated into the Willem Benjamin de Guy Infantry.
Service during the War
In 1701 the regiment garrisoned Breda.
In December 1702, the regiment took up its winter-quarters in Utrecht.
In April and May 1703, the regiment took part in the Siege of Bonn where it formed part of the garrison after the capture of the place. By 24 June, it was attached to Opdam's Corps in Western Flanders. On 30 June, it took part in the Battle of Ekeren. It took up its winter-quarters in Utrecht.
During the campaign of 1704, the regiment was posted on the Meuse.
In 1707, the regiment campaigned in Flanders.
On 11 July 1708, the regiment took part in the Battle of Oudenarde.
On 11 September 1709, the regiment took part in the Battle of Malplaquet.
From September to November 1710, the regiment took part in the siege and capture of Aire.
|Coat||medium grey with yellow lining and with tin buttons from top to bottom on the right side
|Waistcoat||yellow with small tin buttons from top to bottom|
Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet; and a sword.
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Drummers probably wore a red (maybe yellow) coat with yellow lining and yellow cuffs. Their stockings were probably yellow.
Belaubre, Jean and Dr. de Wilde, Claus-Peter Golberg: Die Vereinigten Niederlande, Kaltenkirchen, 2001, pp. 24-25
Tessin, Georg: Die Regimenter der europäischen Staaten im Ancién Regime des XVI. bis XVIII. Jahrhunderts. Teil 1. Die Stammlisten, Osnabrück 1986.
N.B.: the section Service during the War is partly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.
Phil Carrington for his work on the lineage of Dutch regiments
Mathias Kussmann for the initial version of the article