Pallandt Infantry

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Dutch Army >> Pallandt Infantry

Origin and History

The regiment was raised on 22 August 1665 for Louis de Aquila.

On the eve of the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment consisted of one battalion and belonged to the Provinces of Utrecht.

Since its creation, the successive colonels of the regiment were:

  • from 22 August 1665: Louis de Aquila
  • from 3 August 1673: Hendrik Torck
  • from 21 August 1674: Gerard Ploos van Amstel Heer van Oudegein
  • from 15 February 1680: François de Ram van Hagedoorn
  • from 15 February 1691: Daniel Maximiliaan Hertaing van Marquette
  • from 16 August 1699 to 1740: Johann Werner Baron van Pallandt Heer van Eerde (promoted to brigadier in 1701, to major-general in 1704 and to lieutenant-general in 1709)

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive commanders of the regiment were:

  • from 29 December 1704: Diederick Mainhard van Lennep
  • from 29 August 1705: Johann Adolf van Dorth

In 1752, the regiment was incorporated into the Willem Benjamin de Guy Infantry.

Service during the War

In 1701 the regiment garrisoned Breda.

In December 1702, the regiment took up its winter-quarters in Utrecht.

In April and May 1703, the regiment took part in the Siege of Bonn where it formed part of the garrison after the capture of the place. By 24 June, it was attached to Opdam's Corps in Western Flanders. On 30 June, it took part in the Battle of Ekeren. It took up its winter-quarters in Utrecht.

During the campaign of 1704, the regiment was posted on the Meuse.

On 23 May 1706, the regiment fought in the Battle of Ramillies. In August, it took part in the siege and capture of Menin.

In 1707, the regiment campaigned in Flanders.

On 11 July 1708, the regiment took part in the Battle of Oudenarde.

On 11 September 1709, the regiment took part in the Battle of Malplaquet.

From September to November 1710, the regiment took part in the siege and capture of Aire.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform circa 1703 - Copyright: Richard Couture
Uniform Details circa 1703 as per de Wilde and Belaubre
Headgear
Fusilier black felt hat without lace
Grenadier black and yellow mitre cap, its front decorated with the arms of Utrecht on a shield and with the monogram BVPE (Baron van Pallandt Eerde)
Neck stock white
Coat medium grey with yellow lining and with tin buttons from top to bottom on the right side
Collar none
Shoulder Straps none
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 tin buttons
Cuffs yellow, each with 3 tin buttons
Turnbacks none (it seems that the basques of the coat could be turned back if needed but this was a rare practice during this period)
Waistcoat yellow with small tin buttons from top to bottom
Breeches medium grey
Stockings medium grey
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather, worn above the coat
Cartridge Pouch natural leather
Bayonet Scabbard natural leather
Scabbard natural leather
Footwear black shoes fastened with a buckle


Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet; and a sword.

NCOs

no information found yet

Officers

no information found yet

Musicians

Drummers probably wore a red (maybe yellow) coat with yellow lining and yellow cuffs. Their stockings were probably yellow.

Colours

Colonel Colour - Copyright: Kronoskaf
Company Colour - Copyright: Kronoskaf

References

Belaubre, Jean and Dr. de Wilde, Claus-Peter Golberg: Die Vereinigten Niederlande, Kaltenkirchen, 2001, pp. 24-25

Tessin, Georg: Die Regimenter der europäischen Staaten im Ancién Regime des XVI. bis XVIII. Jahrhunderts. Teil 1. Die Stammlisten, Osnabrück 1986.

N.B.: the section Service during the War is partly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.

Acknowledgement

Phil Carrington for his work on the lineage of Dutch regiments

Mathias Kussmann for the initial version of the article