Peñalosa Cavalry

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Peñalosa Cavalry

Origin and History

The regiment was probably raised in 1673.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive colonels of the regiment were:

  • since 169?: Joseph Peñalosa
  • from 1702: Comte de Hornes
  • from 1703: Duc de Havré
  • from 18 December 1703: Stephan-François de Heyder (taken prisoner during the Battle of Blenheim

The regiment was disbanded on 31 October 1706 and its companies distributed among the regiments “General de la Caballeria” (aka Egmont) and “Drouhot”.

Service during the War

By July 1701, the 2 squadrons of the regiment were stationed in Luxembourg.

By mid-April 1702, the regiment was at the camp of Liège. On 18 September, it was part of Tserclaes' Corps who marched to Liège to protect the convoys coming from this place and to threaten Allied troops foraging on the right bank of the Meuse. By 28 September, the regiment was still in Liège. In December, it took its winter-quarters in Antwerp.

In October 1703, the regiment was posted at Namur when it received orders to reinforce Pracontal's Corps on the Moselle.

In 1704, the regiment took part in the Battle of Blenheim.

On 31 October 1706, the regiment was disbanded and its companies distributed among the regiments “General de la Caballeria” (aka Egmont) and “Drouhot”.

Uniform

no information found yet

Officers

Uniforms of officers differed from those of privates and NCOs by the finer material used. Their waistcoat, saddle cloth and housings were edged with a wide golden braid. They always wore a tricorne notwithstanding the headgear worn by soldiers.

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • colonel: a baton with a gold knob
  • lieutenant-colonel: a baton with a silver knob
  • sargento mayor: a baton with a silver topped knob
  • captain: silver or golden epaulettes (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on both shoulders
  • lieutenant: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the right shoulder
  • cornet: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the left shoulder

NCOs

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • sergeant : baton without knob and halberd
  • mariscal de logis (quartermaster): small woolen epaulette (red or of the distinctive colour of the regiment)
  • brigadier: swagger stick
  • corporal of squadron: swagger stick
  • second corporal of squadron (rank suppressed in 1706): swagger stick

Standards

no information found yet

References

Dragonas Magazine

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.

Acknowledgement

Jean-Pierre Loriot for the initial version of this article.