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Origin and History
This Swiss regiment was raised on 15 September 1702 by Louis Pfiffer de Wyher. It initially consisted of 1,800 men in nine companies of 200 men (so may have had two battalions at some point).
During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was commanded by:
- from 15 September 1702 to 1715: Louis Pfiffer de Wyher
The regiment was disbanded in 1715.
Service during the War
In 1703, the regiment served with the Army of Flanders. On 30 June, the regiment supposedly took part in the Battle of Ekeren but we found no mention of it in the order of battle.
On 23 May 1706, the 3 battalions of the regiment took part in the Battle of Ramillies, where it was deployed on the left of the second line of the infantry centre.
In 1707, the regiment contributed to the successful defence of Provence.
In 1708, the regiment once more served with the Army of Flanders. On 11 July, it fought in the Battle of Oudenarde. It later took part in the unsuccessful defence of Lille.
From July to September 1709, the regiment took part in the defence of Tournai.
In 1711, the regiment took part in the combat of Arleux.
On 24 July 1712, the regiment was present at the Battle of Denain but did not take part in combat. In June and July, it took part in the Siege of Le Quesnoy. In August and September, it was at the Siege of Douai. In October, it was at the Siege of Bouchain.
In 1713, the regiment took part in the siege and recapture of Landau.
This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:
- Susane, Louis: Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française, J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 8, p. 309