Pozoblanco Cavalry

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Pozoblanco Cavalry

Origin and History

The regiment was raised in Seville by the Marquis de Pozoblanco, at his own expense (the king supplying the horses), as per a royal patent issued on 18 April 1704 for the creation of a regiment of 12 companies of 30 men each. It was first reviewed on 30 April 1704.

The regiment was also known as “Montesa.”

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive colonels of the regiment were:

  • since April 1704: Francisco de Velasco, Marquis de Pozoblanco (promoted to brigadier on 12 January 1707, to lieutenant-general in 1733, died in 1747, would be the sole colonel of the regiment)

The regiment was disbanded in 1722.

Service during the War

In 1705, the regiment took part in the blockade of Denia, along with Nebot Cavalry.

On 25 April 1707, the regiment fought in the Battle of Almansa.

On 20 August 1710, the regiment fought in the Battle of Saragossa. On 12 December, it took part in the Combat of Villaviciosa.

Uniform

Very little is known about the uniform of this regiment to the exception that the uniform was blue with red as its distinctive colour. We don't know the metal colour of the regiment.

Privates

Uniform in 1704- Source: Copyright Richard Couture
Uniform Details
Headgear black tricorne laced yellow or white, with a red cockade fastened with a golden or silver clip and a brass or a pewter button
Neck stock white
Coat blue with brass or pewter buttons on the right side
Collar none
Shoulder straps no information found
Lapels none
Pockets no information found, we assume horizontal pockets, each with 3 buttons
Cuffs red, each with an unknown number of buttons
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat probably red
Breeches probably red
Leather Equipment
Bandolier natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather worn above the coat
Cartridge Box natural leather ventral cartridge box
Scabbard black leather with a white metal tip
Footgear natural leather boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth probably red edged with a wide white or yellow braid
Housings probably red edged with a wide white or yellow braid
Blanket roll no information found


Troopers were armed with a sword, a pistol and a carbine.

Officers

Uniforms of officers differed from those of privates and NCOs by the finer material used. Their waistcoat, saddle cloth and housings were edged with a wide golden braid. They always wore a tricorne notwithstanding the headgear worn by soldiers.

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • colonel: a baton with a gold knob
  • lieutenant-colonel: a baton with a silver knob
  • sargento mayor: a baton with a silver topped knob
  • captain: silver or golden epaulettes (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on both shoulders
  • lieutenant: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the right shoulder
  • cornet: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the left shoulder

NCOs

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • sergeant : baton without knob and halberd
  • mariscal de logis (quartermaster): small woolen epaulette (red or of the distinctive colour of the regiment)
  • brigadier: swagger stick
  • corporal of squadron: swagger stick
  • second corporal of squadron (rank suppressed in 1706): swagger stick

Musicians

no information found yet

Standards

no information found yet

References

Caballipedia - Regimiento de Caballería Pozoblanco

Dragonas Magazine

Acknowledgement

Jean-Pierre Loriot for the initial version of this article.