Prins Christian Infantry

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Danish Army >> Prins Christian Infantry

Origin and History

To do: origin and history

Prior to 1699, the regiment was known as the “Prins Frederiks Regiment”.

In 1699, the regiment was renamed “Prins Christians Regiment”.

In 1703 the regiment was renamed “Kronprinsens”.

By the time of the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment counted three battalions and 1 grenadier company.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the proprietor of the regiment was Prins Christian.

Colonel-commanders during the War of the Spanish Succession:

  • from 1690: Palle Kragh
  • from 27 October 1703: Laurenz. de Boiset
  • from 12 January 1706: Fredr. Kristian Bjielke
  • from 9 January 1708: Johan Didrik Lattorf died at Helsingborg in 1710
  • from 11 March 1710 to 1719: Rudolf Biegen

The battalion in Austrian pay was under the command of:

  • from 1700: L. de Boiset

Service during the War

In 1700, one battalion of the regiment 6 fusilier coys and 1 grenadier coy) was sent to Saxony.

In 1701, this battalion was attached to the Danish Contingent taken in Austrian pay. In March, this contingent was in Saxony but had already been ordered to join the Imperial army assembling in Tyrol for the planned invasion of Northern Italy. By mid-November, the contingent had reached Bolzano. The regiment took its winter-quarters along the left bank of the Mincio in front of Goito and Mantua.

In 1702, the battalion in Austrian pay took part in the Campaign in Northern Italy. On 15 August, it fought at the Battle of Luzzara.

To do: campaigns from 1703 to 1713

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1701 - Copyright: Richard Couture
Uniform Details as per
Snorasson and Henriksen, and Martinsson
Headgear
Fusilier black felt flat topped hat with brims variously fastened up (one side, two sides or three sides or worn as a simple slouch hat). The brim was usually edged with a braid. A cord ran around the basis of the crown. A rosette in the distinctive colour of the regiment or later a black cockade was worn on the left side of the hat. The lace and the cord could have been of the distinctive colour of the regiment (particularly in the early years of the conflict) or in the metal colour of the regiment (yellow or white).
Grenadier fur grenadier caps or cloth mitre cap
Neck stock white
Coat double-breasted grey-white coat with dark red lining and with 22 pewter buttons (11 on each side) and 1 pewter button on each side in the small of the back. In the first years of the war, all buttonholes were usually trimmed in the distinctive colour of the regiment.
Collar none
Shoulder Straps none
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 pewter buttons
Cuffs dark red, each with 3 pewter buttons
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat dark red with pewter buttons
Breeches dark red during the early years of the war and gradually standardized to red
Stockings dark red fastened under the knee with a natural leather strap
Gaiters the use of gaiters generalized much later but they were already used in 1700 where red gaiters are reported
Leather Equipment
Cross-belt yellowish natural leather worn across the left shoulder
Waist-belt yellowish natural leather waist-belt worn above the coat
Cartridge Box black for fusiliers

grenadiers carried a large grenade pouch containing two grenades and cartridges.

Bayonet Scabbard black leather
Scabbard black
Footwear black leather shoes with a brass buckle


N.B.: a grey-white cassock lined dark red with a dark red collar is reported 1702 as well as in 1709

N.B.: from 1712 to 1716, the regiment had a totally different uniform consisting of a red coat with black lining; black collar; black cuffs; yellow buttons; and probably black waistcoat, breeches and stockings.

Soldiers were armed with a flintlock musket, a small bayonet and a sword (fusiliers) or a sabre (grenadiers). Grenadiers were also armed with hand grenades and with a small axe.

NCOs

NCOs were probably distinguished from privates by a silver lace on the hat and by silver edging on the cuffs.

NCOs carried a cane whose characteristics indicated the precise rank of each NCO.

NCOs also carried a halberd and a sword. They had no musket, to the exception of grenadier NCOs who were armed as the privates.

Officers

Uniforms of officers differed from those of the privates and NCOs by the finer material used. They were not standardized across the entire army but seems to have been similar within a regiment. Buttons were silver-plated and silver embroideries decorated the coat, cuffs and pocket flaps. Their coat could be single or double-breasted.

The hats of officers were often edged with a red or white plumetis.

Officers usually wore a wig.

Officers wore a gorget and a silken sash of the distinctive colour of their regiment. Those serving in Dutch pay wore an orange sash across the shoulder.

Officers carried a cane whose characteristics indicated the precise rank of each officer; a pike and a sword. Officers of the grenadier companies carried a musket instead of a pike.

In the field, pistols of various forms were carried by officers who often carried two of them when dismounted.

Musicians

Drummers usually wore coats similar to those of privates but richly decorated with braids on the sleeves and body (without swallow nests). Braids were usually of the metal colour of the regiment.

The shell of the drum was of painted woods and decorated with the regimental arms or the King's double monogram.

Colours

no information found

References

Dorrell, Nick: Danish Organisation and Deployment

Martinsson, Örjan: Danish Infantry Uniforms 1700-1730 in Tacitus.nu

Snorasson, Torstein and Søren Henriksen: Danish Uniforms 1699-1712, in Chakoten, translated and published by Dan Schorr in 2008

Vaupell, O. F.: Den Danske Haers Historie, Copenhagen 1876, p. 610, 613

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.

Acknowledgements

Wienand Drenth and Jörg Meier for additional information on this regiment.