Prinz Wilhelm Infantry
Origin and History
The regiment was raised in 1687 as the Prinz Carl von Hessen Regiment of Foot with subsidies of the Republic of Venice to fight against the Turks. It initially consisted of 10 companies in two battalions. In 1688, it was sent to Morea.
In 1692, during the Nine Years' War (1688-97), 8 companies of the regiment took part in combats near Rheinfels. In 1698, the regiment was reduced to 5 companies in a single battalion.
In 1702, the regiment was increased to ten companies in two battalions.
During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive Chefs of the regiment were:
- from 1701: Prince Wilhelm von Hessen-Kassel (the future Landgrave Wilhelm VIII)
- from 1705: Major-General E. L. von Wilcke
- from 1709 to 1723: Colonel Count Dönhoff
During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive effective commanders of the regiment were:
- from 1687: Colonel Dumont
- from 1704 to 1709: Major-General E. L. von Wilcke (Chefs of the regiment from 1705)
In 1789, the regiment was amalgamated with the Infanterieregiment Nr. 3.
Service during the War
In the spring of 1702, one battalion of the regiment was at the Siege of Kaiserswerth. By July, one battalion of the regiment was encamped near Nijmegen.
On 2 July 1704, one battalion of the regiment took part in the Battle of Schellenberg. On 13 August, this battalion took part in the Battle of Blenheim, where it was deployed in the second line of the extreme left wing..
In July and August 1710, one battalion of the regiment was at the Siege of Béthune.
To do: add details for the campaigns from 1705 to 1713
Böhm, Uwe Peter: Hessisches Militär: Die Truppen der Landgrafschaft Hessen-Kassel 1672-1806, Herausgegeben im Auftrag der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Heereskunde e.V., Beckum 1986
Witzel, Rudolf: Hessen Kassels Regimenter in der Allierten Armee 1762, bearb. u. hrsg. von Ingo Kroll, Norderstedt 2007, pp. 91-93
N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.