Prussian Holstein-Beck Infantry

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Prussian Army >> Prussian Holstein-Beck Infantry

Origin and History

The regiment was created on 18 August 1685 in the Fortress of Wesel by Friedrich Wilhelm Elector of Brandenburg. Initially the unit was a “free company”. In 1687, it was transformed into a regiment of two battalions with 10 companies. His first “Chef” was Friedrich Ludwig Duke Holstein-Beck.

During the Nine Years' War (1688-1697), one battalion of the regiment campaigned in the Netherlands under the command of William Prince of Orange and took part in the defence of the Fortress of Charleroi. Meanwhile, in 1689, the second battalion served on the Rhine and took part in the engagement of Ürdingen under General Barfuß. In 1693, the second battalion was part of the Imperial troops operating in Hungary, where it fought against Turks. The same year, at the siege of Belgrade, the commander of the battalion, von Horn, was killed. In 1696, it was at the siege of Temesvár, and in 1697, it fought in the Battle of Zenta.

From 1698, the garrison place of the regiment was Königsberg (present-day Kaliningrad/RU). Its recruits came from Königsberg, Angerapp, Drengfurth. and the region of Tilsit.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regimental Chefs were:

  • from 1685 to 1721: Friedrich Ludwig Duke Holstein-Beck

The numbering system (Stammliste) was first used by Leopold I., Fürst von Anhalt-Dessau (Der alte Dessauer) in the Dessauer Spezifikation from 1737. Around 1780 the numbers were used in the printed Stammlisten, still with some variations for the fusilier regiments. It became official by "Cabinets-Ordre" from October 1, 1806. The present infantry regiment was attributed number 11.

Service during the War

In 1705, the grenadiers (100 men) of the regiment campaigned in Italy. On 16 August, at the Battle of Cassano, they drove back the attacks of the French cavalry

On 19 April 1706, the grenadiers fought in the Battle of Calcinato.

From August to December 1708, the entire regiment was present at the Siege of Lille, where it was allocated to the army of Prince Eugène de Savoie

From July to September 1709, the regiment took part in the Siege of Tournai. Then in September and October, it took part in the Siege of Mons, and on 11 September, it fought in the Battle of Malplaquet.

In 1710, one battalion was in Italy, the other took part in the Great Northern War in East-Prussia and Uckermark.

In 1713, the whole regiment returned to Königsberg

Uniforms

From 1700, each Prussian unit started to wear a distinguishing uniform. A regulation was issued in 1709 to standardize the uniform and equipment.

Musicians

To do

Colours

To do

References

Wikipedia German Edition - [https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Altpreußisches_Infanterieregiment_No._11_(1806) Altpreußisches Infanterieregiment No. 11 (1806)

Nelke, Reinhard: Preussen

Verein Historische Uniformen des Deutschen Kaiserreiches - Grenadier-Regiment König Friedrich Wilhelm I. ( 2. Ostpreußisches ) Nr. 3

Acknowledgegent

Harald Skala for the initial version of the article