Quercy Infanterie

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Quercy Infanterie

Origin and History

The regiment was created on 16 September 1684 and took the name of the Province of Quercy. Indeed, expecting a Coalition to soon form against France, Louis XIV raised 30 new regiments from 1 to 30 September for the defence of the various places of the realm. By raising one regiment a day, he avoided any problem of precedence among these new regiments.

During the first campaigns of the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment remained in garrison on the frontier of the Alps. In 1692, it took part in the defence of Embrun. In 1693, it took part in the Battle of Marsaglia. In 1694, it was placed in garrison in Pinerolo. In 1696, it was transferred to the Rhine where it served till the end of the war.

On 1 February 1701, the regiment, which initially counted a single battalion, was increased to two battalions.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was commanded by

  • from 29 August 1692: Claude-François, Chevalier de Bouthillier
  • from 14 January 1705 to 1 January 1720: Jean-Sébastien Hue, Chevalier de Miromesnil

In 1714, the regiment was reduced to a single battalion. On 30 July 1715, it incorporated part of the disbanded Vallouze Infanterie.

Service during the War

On 1 February 1701, the regiment, which initially counted a single battalion, was increased to two battalions which would serve on different theatres of operations until 1711.

First Battalion

In December 1700, the battalion was sent to Italy.

In 1702, the battalion was brigaded with Auvergne Infanterie. On 26 July, its grenadiers distinguished themselves at the Combat of Santa Vittoria where Captain de Monteil was killed. The battalion then joined the garrison of Mantua.

In July 1703, the battalion took part in Vendôme’s offensive in South Tyrol.

In 1704, the battalion garrisoned various place in Montferrat.

At the beginning of 1705, the battalion took part in the Siege of Verrua. In April, after the capitulation of Verrua, it opened the trench in front of Mirandola together with Limousin Infanterie. On 16 August, the battalion was at the Battle of Cassano. It later took up its winter-quarters in Castiglione.

On 19 April 1706, the battalion fought, along with Limousin Infanterie, in the Battle of Calcinato. It then took part in the Siege of Turin. On 8 September, it fought in the Battle of Castiglione.

In 1707, the battalion took part in the defence of Provence and Dauphiné.

In 1708, the battalion took part in the capture of Césane. It then continued to serve in the Alps.

In 1711, the first battalion was joined by the second battalion.

Second Battalion

From its creation to 1703, this battalion served in Flanders under the Maréchal de Villeroy.

In 1703, the battalion formed part of a detachment under M. de Pracomtal sent on the Moselle to observe the movements of the Prince of Hesse-Cassel. It then continued to serve in that region until 1710.

At the end of 1710, the battalion left Brisach, where it had been garrisoned, and marched in the direction of Dauphiné.

At the beginning of 1711, the second battalion joined the first one in Dauphiné.

Entire Regiment

From 1711 to 1713, the entire regiment served in the Alps.

In 1714, the regiment was sent to Catalonia where it took part in the siege of Barcelona. After the capture of Barcelona, the regiment was reduced to a single battalion.

On 30 July 1715, the regiment incorporated part of the disbanded Vallouze Infanterie.

Uniform

To do

Colours

Colonel Colour - Copyright: Kronoskaf
Ordonnance Colour - Copyright: Kronoskaf

References

This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Susane, Louis: Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française, J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 7, pp. 151-154