Regimiento de Almansa

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Regimiento de Almansa

Origin and History

The regiment was created on 9 July 1709 in memory of the victory of Almansa (25 April 1707). It consisted of two battalions.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was under the command of:

  • from 9 July 1709: Don Don Juan Gonzalez

In 1716, the regiment returned to Spain, landing at Málaga.

The regiment was disbanded on 15 December 1721 and incorporated in the “Regimiento de España” as its second battalion.

Service during the War

In 1710, the two battalions of the regiment were barely organised when they were sent to Cartagena. On 2 June, they embarked with the expedition of the Duke de Uceda and were transported to Tuscany. This expedition should effect a junction with other troops stationed in Sicily and Elba Island. Accordingly, it landed at Porto Ercole and stormed the Peschiera Tower which was defended by a detachment from the garrison of Orbitello. After the junction, it advanced on Porto Ercole. However, the expedition was not equipped adequately for a siege and was soon forced to retire to Elba Island where it planned to defend Porto Longone.

Uniform

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Privates

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Officers

Uniforms of officers differed from those of privates and NCOs by the finer material used. Their waistcoat, saddle cloth and housings were edged with a wide golden braid.

In the infantry, officers wore a silver or gold gorget and a spontoon.

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • colonel: a baton with a gold knob
  • lieutenant-colonel: a baton with a silver knob
  • sargento mayor: a baton with a silver topped knob
  • captain: baton as worn under the reign of the Habsburg
  • lieutenant: baton as worn under the reign of the Habsburg
  • sub-lieutenant: baton with a horn band and a silver ring

NCOs

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • sergeant : baton without knob and halberd
  • mariscal de logis (quartermaster): small white woolen epaulette
  • brigadier: swagger stick
  • corporal of squadron: swagger stick
  • second corporal of squadron (rank suppressed in 1706): swagger stick

Musicians

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Colours

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References

This article is mostly made of abridged and adapted excerpts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Clonard, Conde de, Historia Orgánica de las Armas de Infantería y Caballería, vol. XI, Madrid, 1851-62, pp. 283-291