Ribeaucourt Cavalry

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Ribeaucourt Cavalry

Origin and History

The regiment was raised on 17 October 1688 by Gaspar Gomez de Espinosa, Count de Ribaucourt.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive colonels of the regiment were:

  • from 17 October 1688: Gaspar Gomez de Espinosa, Count de Ribaucourt (promoted to maréchal de camp in 1703)
  • from 5 January 1703 to 1713: Diego de los Rios (formerly lieutenant-colonel of the regiment)
  • from 1715: Francisco de La Farina (formerly lieutenant-colonel of the regiment)

In 1714, the regiment went to Spain and was in Spanish pay.

In 1718, the regiment was renamed “Malta”. It was disbanded in 1763.

Service during the War

In the Spring of 1701, the 2 squadrons of the regiment were stationed in the Spanish Netherlands.

By 18 April 1702, the regiment formed part of the army of the Marquis de Bedmar and was posted at Antwerp. By mid-May, it was attached to Bedmar's field army.

By 4 May 1703, the regiment was attached to the field army of Maréchal de Villeroy and Maréchal de Boufflers, in Fiennes' Brigade in the second line of the cavalry right wing. By 13 October, the regiment was posted at Namur.

From 1710, the regiment was in French pay until 1713.

In 1713, the regiment campaigned in Alsace.

Uniform

Very little is known about the uniform of this regiment to the exception that the uniform was white with red as its distinctive colour. We don't know the metal colour of the regiment.

Officers

Uniforms of officers differed from those of privates and NCOs by the finer material used. Their waistcoat, saddle cloth and housings were edged with a wide golden braid. They always wore a tricorne notwithstanding the headgear worn by soldiers.

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • colonel: a baton with a gold knob
  • lieutenant-colonel: a baton with a silver knob
  • sargento mayor: a baton with a silver topped knob
  • captain: silver or golden epaulettes (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on both shoulders
  • lieutenant: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the right shoulder
  • cornet: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the left shoulder

NCOs

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • sergeant : baton without knob and halberd
  • mariscal de logis (quartermaster): small woolen epaulette (red or of the distinctive colour of the regiment)
  • brigadier: swagger stick
  • corporal of squadron: swagger stick
  • second corporal of squadron (rank suppressed in 1706): swagger stick

Standards

no information found yet

References

This article is mostly made of abridged and adapted excerpts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Clonard, Conde de, Historia Orgánica de las Armas de Infantería y Caballería, vol. XV, Madrid, 1851-62, p. 9

Other sources

Caballipedia - Regimiento de Caballería Malta

Dragonas Magazine

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.

Acknowledgement

Jean-Pierre Loriot for the initial version of this article.