Robecque Infanterie

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Robecque Infanterie

Origin and History

This Walloon regiment was created on 24 October 1688 by Philippe-Marie de Montmorency, Prince de Robecque.

In 1688, at the beginning of the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment joined the Army of the Alps. In 1690, it took part in the Battle of Staffarda; in 1691, in the conquest of Nice; and in 1693, in the Battle of Marsaglia. In 1696 and 1697, the regiment served in the Army of the Rhine.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was commanded by:

  • from 13 December 1691: Charles de Montmorency, Prince de Robecque (brother of the previous colonel)
  • from 26 October 1704 to 7 April 1714: N. de La Croix, Comte de Saint-Vallier

The regiment was disbanded on 15 November 1714.

Service during the War

In 1701, the regiment was allocated to the Army of Germany.

On 14 October 1702, the regiment took part in the Battle of Friedlingen.

In August and September 1703, the regiment took part in the Siege of Alt-Breisach. After the capture of the place, it remained there as part of the garrison.

In 1704, the regiment was allocated to the Army of Bavaria. On 13 August, it fought in the disastrous Battle of Blenheim where it was forced to surrender as prisoners of war.

In 1705, the regiment was exchanged.

In 1706, the regiment was allocated to the Army of Flanders. On 23 May, it took part in the Battle of Ramillies.

On 11 July 1708, the regiment fought in the Battle of Oudenarde. It then took part in the glorious but unsuccessful defence of Lille.

In 1709, the regiment took part in the unsuccessful defence of Tournai where it surrendered as prisoners of war. It was exchanged the same year and remained in the garrisons of Flanders until the end of the war.

Uniform

To do

Colours

Colonel Colour: white field with a white cross.

Ordonnance Colour: red field with a white cross.

Colonel Colour - Copyright: Gilbert Noury
Ordonnance Colour - Copyright: Richard Couture

References

This article incorporates texts from the following books, which are now in the public domain:

  • Susane, Louis: Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française, J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 8, pp. 249-250