Rosellon Nuevo Cavalry

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Rosellon Nuevo Cavalry

Origin and History

The regiment was raised in Galicia on 24 April 1703 by Commissaire Général Rafael Diaz de Mendivil. Its kernel consisted of six companies of Rosellon Viejo Cavalry initially cantoned in the vicinities of Madrid.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive colonels of the regiment were:

  • since 24 April 1703: Rafael Diaz de Mendivil (promoted to maréchal de camp on 27 February 1706)
  • from 8 April 1704: Juan Isidore de Paz y Castilla
  • from 6 January 1707: Juan de Cereceda y Carrascosa

Service during the War

By April 1705, the regiment counted 8 companies and 222 troopers.

On 25 April 1707, the regiment fought in the Battle of Almansa.

On 20 August 1710, the regiment fought in the Battle of Saragossa. On 12 December, it took part in the Combat of Villaviciosa.

Uniform

Very little is known about the uniform of this regiment to the exception that the uniform was red with red as its distinctive colour. We don't know the “metal colour” of the regiment.

Privates

Uniform in 1703- Source: Copyright Richard Couture
Uniform Details
Headgear black tricorne laced yellow or white, with a red cockade fastened with a golden or silver clip and a brass or a pewter button
Neck stock white
Coat red with brass or pewter buttons on the right side
Collar none
Shoulder straps no information found
Lapels none
Pockets no information found, we assume horizontal pockets, each with 3 buttons
Cuffs red, each with buttons
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat probably red
Breeches probably red
Leather Equipment
Bandolier natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather worn above the coat
Cartridge Box natural leather ventral cartridge box
Scabbard black leather with a white metal tip
Footgear natural leather boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth probably red edged with a wide white or yellow braid
Housings probably red edged with a wide white or yellow braid
Blanket roll no information found


Troopers were armed with a sword, a pistol and a carbine.

Officers

Uniforms of officers differed from those of privates and NCOs by the finer material used. Their waistcoat, saddle cloth and housings were edged with a wide golden braid. They always wore a tricorne notwithstanding the headgear worn by soldiers.

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • colonel: a baton with a gold knob
  • lieutenant-colonel: a baton with a silver knob
  • sargento mayor: a baton with a silver topped knob
  • captain: silver or golden epaulettes (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on both shoulders
  • lieutenant: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the right shoulder
  • cornet: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the left shoulder

NCOs

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • sergeant : baton without knob and halberd
  • mariscal de logis (quartermaster): small woolen epaulette (red or of the distinctive colour of the regiment)
  • brigadier: swagger stick
  • corporal of squadron: swagger stick
  • second corporal of squadron (rank suppressed in 1706): swagger stick

Musicians

no information found yet

Standards

no information found yet

References

This article is mostly made of abridged and adapted excerpts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Clonard, Conde de, Historia Orgánica de las Armas de Infantería y Caballería, vol. XIV, Madrid, 1851-62, pp. 368-368

Other sources

Dragonas Magazine

Acknowledgement

Jean-Pierre Loriot for the initial version of this article.