Royal-Allemand Cavalerie

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Royal-Allemand Cavalerie

Origin and History

The regiment entered the French service in 1639 after the death of the Duke of Saxe-Weimar, it initially consisted of two squadrons. The regiment was reconstituted on 10 August 1671 by the Count of Königsmark. Originally German, it later recruited in the German speaking provinces of France and in the Palatinate.

In 1672, at the outbreak of the Franco-Dutch War (1672-78), the regiment took part in the conquest of Holland. In 1673, it was attached to the troops of the Elector of Brandenburg. In 1674, it took part in the in the Battle of Seneffe.

In 1682, the regiment was transferred from Cambrai to the Province of Dauphiné.

On 15 November 1688, the regiment took the name of “Royal-Allemand”.

From 1688, at the outbreak of the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment campaigned in Flanders.

In 1698, the regiment garrisoned Valenciennes.

At the outbreak of the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment had three squadrons.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the king was the nominal Mestre de Camp of the regiment but the successive Mestres de Camp Lieutenants commanding the regiment were:

  • from 29 August 1693: Louis-Caton Comte de Nassau-Saarbrück
  • 21 February 1713 to 19 July 1737: Guillaume-Henri de Quadt de Landskron

N.B.: most of the foreign princes who assumed command of this regiment delegated its command of mestres de camp-lieutenants en second.

Service during the War

In 1701, the regiment served once more in Flanders. At the beginning of October, it was posted in Merchtem and Asache. It took up its winter-quarters in Diest.

By April 1702, the regiment was part of the French Army in Upper Guelderland. It was deployed in the first line of the cavalry right wing. On 11 June, it regiment was present at the engagement near Nijmegen. By 10 September, the three squadrons of the regiment were at the camp of Beringen near Limbourg in the Low Countries, under the command of the Maréchal de Boufflers. It took its winter-quarters in Arras.

In May 1703, the regiment was attached to the field army in Flanders. On 30 June, the regiment took part in the Battle of Ekeren.

At the beginning of April 1704, the regiment was posted in the vicinity of Namur. In May, it was attached to Bedmar's Army which was encamped near Saint-Trond (aka Sint-Truiden) in Brabant. The same year, the regiment was split into two distinct detachments: a few companies remained in Flanders where they would serve until the end of the war, while most companies were sent to the Moselle and the Rhine.

On 23 May 1706, the regiment took part in the Battle of Ramillies.

In 1707, the companies serving on the Rhine took part in the capture of the Lines of Stollhofen. During Villars's incursion in Germany, they remained in the Lines of Wissembourg. In June, it rejoined Villars<s Army and took part in the occupation of Mannheim and took up their winter-quarters on the Sarre River.

On 26 August 1709, the companies serving on the Rhine supposedly took part in the Combat of Rumersheim, but we find no trace of them in the order of battle. Once again, they took up their winter-quarters on the Sarre River.

Throughout the year 1710, the regiment was stationed in the vicinity of Metz.

In 1711, the regiment operated on the Sarre and on the Rhine.

By May 1712, the regiment was attached to Villars<s Army in the Low Countries.

In 1713, the companies left behind in Flanders in 1704 rejoined the regiment which took part in the capture of Landau and Freiburg.

Uniform

To do

Standards

Regimental standards (4 silken standards): blue field bordered and fringed in gold; centre device consisting of a golden royal sun surmounted by a scroll bearing the royal motto “Nec Pluribus Impar”

Tentative Reconstruction
Royal-Allemand Cavalerie Regimental Standard – Copyright: Kronoskaf

References

This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Susane, Louis: Histoire de la cavalerie française, Vol. 2, J. Hetzel et Cie, Paris, 1874, pp. 101-107
  • Pajol, Charles P. V.: Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891, p. 332-333

Other sources

Funcken, L. and F.: Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.