Royal Dragons

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Royal Dragons

Origin and History

The regiment originated from the Dragons Etrangers du Roi initially raised on 14 June 1656. On 2 April 1668, this regiment was split into two distinct regiments: the first regiment taking the name of Royal Dragons (12 companies) and the second of Colonel Général.

In 1668, the regiment was at the capture of Besançon and Dôle. In 1670, it formed part of the expeditionary corps which occupied the Duchy and Lorraine, where it participated in the capture of Épinal and Chasté.

In 1672, at the beginning of the Franco-Dutch War (1672-78), the regiment was present at the capture of Burik, Arnheim and Fort Skenke and at the Combat of Woerden. In 1674, it campaigned in Germany under Turenne and fought in the battles of Entzheim and Mulhouse. In 1675, the regiment took part in the battles of Turckheim and Altenheim, and in the occupation of Haguenau and Saverne; in 1676, in the combat of Kochersberg; in 1677, in the siege and capture of Freiburg; and in 1678, in the Battle of Rheinfelden and in the sieges of Kehl and Lichtemberg; and in 1679, in the Combat of Minden.

In 1681 and 1682, the regiment was at the camp of the Sarre. In 1684, it took part in the siege of Luxembourg. In 1685, it was at the camp of the Saône.

In 1689, during the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment campaigned in the Low Countries, where it fought in the Battle of Walcourt. In 1690, it took part in the Battle of Fleurus; in 1691, in the siege of Mons and in the Battle of Leuze; and in 1692, in the siege of Namur and in the Battle of Steenkerque. In 1693, the regiment served on the Moselle and the Rhine; in 1694, on the coasts of France; in 1695, on the Meuse; and in 1696, in Flanders. In 1697, it took part in the siege of Ath.

In 1698, the regiment was at the camp of Compiègne.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive mestres de camp lieutenants of the regiment were:

  • from 27 April 1693: Louis-Armand de Beautru, Comte de Nogent
  • from 12 May 1704 to 10 March 1734: Paul-Édouard Colbert, Comte de Creuilly

Service during the War

In 1701, at the beginning of the war, the regiment formed part of the Army of Flanders.

On 30 June 1703, the regiment took part in the Battle of Ekeren.

In 1704, the regiment campaigned on the Moselle.

In 1705, the regiment campaigned in Flanders.

On 23 May 1706, the regiment was supposedly present at the Battle of Ramillies, but we found no trace of it in the order of battle.

On 11 July 1708, the regiment was supposedly present at the Battle of Oudenarde, but we found no trace of it in the order of battle.

On 11 September 1709, the regiment fought in the Battle of Malplaquet.

In 1712, the regiment contributed to the recapture of Douai, and the recapture of Le Quesnoy.

In 1713, the regiment campaigned on the Rhine and took part in the capture of Landau and Freiburg.

Uniform

no information found

Guidons

Regimental guidons (gros de Tour linen swallow-tailed guidons) blue field spangled with golden fleurs de lys and fringed in gold; centre device consisting of a golden royal sun surmounted by a scroll bearing the royal motto “Nec Pluribus Impar”

Royal Dragons Regimental Guidon – Source: Jean-Louis Vial of Nec Pluribus Impar

References

Susane, Louis: Histoire de la cavalerie française, Vol. 1, Paris: Hetzel, 1874, pp. 306-317

Pajol, Charles P. V.: Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891, p. 426