Saint-Pouanges Cavalerie

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Saint-Pouanges Cavalerie

Origin and History

The regiment was created 6 January 1647, after the failure in front of Lerida, by Joseph d'Ardenne d'Aragon, Comte d'Illes. It was then placed under the command of the Viceroy of Catalonia.

At the beginning of the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment counted 2 squadrons.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive mestres de camp of the regiment were:

  • since 20 December 1696 till 1721: François-Gilbert Colbert, Marquis de Saint Pouange et de Chabanais (born in 1676, served with the Mousquetaires during the Nine Years' War)

Service during the War

In 1701, the regiment served in Germany.

In 1702, the regiment served once more in Germany. By 3 June, it was brigaded with Conflans Cavalerie. By mid-September, it was part of the army destined to join the Bavarian Army. On 14 October, its colonel distinguished himself in the Battle of Friedlingen.

In August and September 1703, the regiment was at the Siege of Alt-Breisach whose governor, de Marcilly, capitulated on 6 September. Then, in October and November, it took part in the Siege of Landau which hit abandoned to confront an Allied relief army led by the Prince of Hesse on 15 November in the Combat of Speyerbach. During this victorious battle, the regiment was posted on the right wing under Lieutenant-General de Locmaria. Two days later, the governor of Landau, the Count von Friesen, capitulated.

On 13 August 1704, the regiment was present at the disastrous Battle of Blenheim where it served under the command of Lieutenant-General de Zurlauben. Its colonel was immobilized in the village of Blenheim and taken prisoner. He was freed shortly afterwards.

In 1705, the regiment campaigned with the Army of the Moselle. On 26 October, the colonel of the regiment was promoted to brigadier.

In 1706, the regiment took part in the capture of Drusenheim, Lauterbourg and the Marquisat Island.

In 1707, under Villars, the regiment took part in the expeditions in Franconia and Swabia. On 22 July, it captured Marienthal by surprise.

In 1708, the regiment served with the Army of the Rhine.

In 1709, the regiment was transferred to the Army of Flanders. On 11 September, the regiment fought in the Battle of Malplaquet where it was part of the cavalry who charged under the command of Boufflers. The regiment suffered so heavy losses that it was not fit for duty anymore.

In 1710, the regiment served with the Army of Flanders.

In 1711, the regiment served once more with the Army of Flanders.

In 1712, the regiment served on the Rhine.

In 1713, the regiment took part in the sieges of Landau et Freiburg and in the defeat of General Vaubonne.

In 1714, the regiment was at the camp on the Meuse.


Our only sources are Colbert-Thurguis and Lemau de la Jaisse who, in 1721, mentioned that the uniform consisted of a white coat with red cuffs.


Uniform in 1721- Source: Copyright Richard Couture
all unknown details are in grey
Uniform Details as per Lemau de la Jaisse and Colbert-Thurguis
Headgear black tricorne laced white/yellow, with a black or white cockade fastened with a pewter or copper button
Neck stock white
Coat grey-white with red lining and pewter or copper buttons
Collar none
Shoulder straps no information available
Lapels none
Pockets none
Cuffs red, each with pewter or copper buttons
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat buckskin
Breeches buckskin
Leather Equipment
Bandolier natural leather edged white
Waistbelt natural leather worn above the coat
Cartridge Box no information found
Scabbard black leather with a white metal tip
Footgear black boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth unknown
Housings unknown
Blanket roll unknown

Troopers were armed with a sword, a pistol and a carbine.


no information found


no information found


no information found


Saint-Pouanges Cavalerie Regimental Standard (reverse) – Copyright: Kronoskaf
Saint-Pouanges Cavalerie Regimental Standard (obverse) – Copyright: Kronoskaf


Colbert-Turguis, L. de: in Carnet de la sabretache 1937

Pajol, Charles P. V.: Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891, p. 339

Lemau de la Jaisse, P.: Abregé de la Carte Générale du Militaire de France, Paris, 1734, p. 145

N.B.: the section Service during the War is partly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.


Jean-Pierre Loriot for the initial version of this article.