Saluzzo Cavalry

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Saluzzo Cavalry

Origin and History

The regiment was raised on 2 January 1703 in Extremadura by Domingo Saluzzo, a Neapolitan nobleman.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive colonels of the regiment were:

  • since 2 January 1703: Domingo Saluzzo (promoted to maréchal de camp on 27 July 1706, then to captain-general of the Kingdom of Navarra and finally to general of artillery of the Kingdom of Sicily in 1708)
  • from 29 May 1706: Gabriel Hurtado de Amezaga y Unzaga (died on 9 October 1706)
  • from 14 December 1706: Joseph Hurtado de Amezaga y Unzaga (succeeded to his brother, promoted to maréchal de camp on 1 May 1709)
  • from 15 May 1709: Joseph de Agullo y de Pinos (killed in action at Almenara on 27 July 1710)
  • from 1 December 1710: Juan Gutierrez de Vargas (killed in action at Villaviciosa on 10 December 1710)
  • from 1 December 1711: Antonio Arduino

Service during the War

By 28 March 1704, the regiment, then posted at Badajoz counted 12 companies for a total of 486 men.

On 27 July 1710, the regiment took part in the Battle of Almenar. On 10 December, it fought in the Combat of Villaviciosa.

Uniform

Very little is known about the uniform of this regiment to the exception that the uniform was blue with red as its distinctive colour.

Privates

Uniform in 1703- Source: Copyright Richard Couture
Uniform Details
Headgear black tricorne laced yellow or white, with a red cockade fastened with a golden or silver clip and a brass or a pewter button
Neck stock white
Coat blue with brass or pewter buttons on the right side
Collar none
Shoulder straps no information found
Lapels none
Pockets no information found, we assume horizontal pockets, each with 3 buttons
Cuffs red, each with buttons
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat probably red
Breeches probably blue
Leather Equipment
Bandolier natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather worn above the coat
Cartridge Box natural leather ventral cartridge box
Scabbard black leather with a white metal tip
Footgear natural leather boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth probably blue edged with a wide red braid
Housings probably blue edged with a wide red braid
Blanket roll no information found


Troopers were armed with a sword, a pistol and a carbine.

Officers

Uniforms of officers differed from those of privates and NCOs by the finer material used. Their waistcoat, saddle cloth and housings were edged with a wide golden braid. They always wore a tricorne notwithstanding the headgear worn by soldiers.

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • colonel: a baton with a gold knob
  • lieutenant-colonel: a baton with a silver knob
  • sargento mayor: a baton with a silver topped knob
  • captain: silver or golden epaulettes (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on both shoulders
  • lieutenant: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the right shoulder
  • cornet: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the left shoulder

NCOs

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • sergeant : baton without knob and halberd
  • mariscal de logis (quartermaster): small woolen epaulette (red or of the distinctive colour of the regiment)
  • brigadier: swagger stick
  • corporal of squadron: swagger stick
  • second corporal of squadron (rank suppressed in 1706): swagger stick

Musicians

no information found yet

Standards

no information found yet

References

Dragonas Magazine

Acknowledgement

Jean-Pierre Loriot for the initial version of this article.