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Origin and History
The regiment was created on 4 October 1692 and given to Louis-François-Henri Colbert, Chevalier de Croissy. It took the name of “Santerre”.
In 1693, during the Nine Years’ War (1688-97), the regiment joined the Army of Flanders and took part in the capture of Huy, in the Battle of Landen and in the siege of Charleroi. In 1695, it was attached to the Army of the Meuse. In 1696 and 1697, it campaigned in Flanders.
During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was commanded by
- from 4 October 1692: Louis-François-Henri Colbert, Chevalier de Croissy
- from 1704: N. de Cetséans
- from 1 December 1708 to 1 February 1719: Michel-Jean-Baptiste Charron, Marquis de Conflans-Ménars
On 10 February 1749, the regiment was disbanded. Its grenadiers were incorporated in the Grenadiers the France and its other companies in Béarn Infanterie.
Service during the War
In 1701, the regiment joined the Army of Flanders.
In April 1702, the regiment distinguished itself in the defence of Kaiserwerth.
In August and September 1703, the regiment took part in the Siege of Alt-Breisach. In October and November, it was at the Siege of Landau. On13 August, it took part in the disastrous Battle of Blenheim where most of its soldiers became prisoners of war.
In 1705, the regiment joined the Army of the Rhine.
In 1706, the regiment was at the capture of Drusenheim and of the Marquisat Island.
From 1709 to 1712, the regiment campaigned in Flanders, taking part in the Battle of Malplaquet (11 September 1709), in the combat of Arleux and in the sieges of Douai, Le Quesnoy and Bouchain.
This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:
- Susane, Louis: Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française, J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 8, pp. 274-275