Santiago Nuevo Cavalry

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Santiago Nuevo Cavalry

Origin and History

The regiment was raised on 8 October 1706 from 4 already existing independent companies and 8 newly raised companies in the Kingdom of Galicia by the Archbishop of Santiago. The regiment was also known as “Estrella”.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive colonels of the regiment were:

  • since March 1707: Antonio Francisco de Ochoa
  • from 1 May 1708 to 1715: Ximen Perez de Calatayud, Conde de Real y de Villamonte

The regiment was disbanded in 1715.

Service during the War

On 12 December, the regiment took part in the Combat of Villaviciosa.

Uniform

no information found yet

Officers

Uniforms of officers differed from those of privates and NCOs by the finer material used. Their waistcoat, saddle cloth and housings were edged with a wide golden braid. They always wore a tricorne notwithstanding the headgear worn by soldiers.

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • colonel: a baton with a gold knob
  • lieutenant-colonel: a baton with a silver knob
  • sargento mayor: a baton with a silver topped knob
  • captain: silver or golden epaulettes (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on both shoulders
  • lieutenant: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the right shoulder
  • cornet: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the left shoulder

NCOs

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • sergeant : baton without knob and halberd
  • mariscal de logis (quartermaster): small woolen epaulette (red or of the distinctive colour of the regiment)
  • brigadier: swagger stick
  • corporal of squadron: swagger stick
  • second corporal of squadron (rank suppressed in 1706): swagger stick

Standards

no information found yet

References

Dragonas Magazine

Caballipedia - Regimiento de Caballería Estrella

Acknowledgement

Jean-Pierre Loriot for the initial version of this article.