Origin and History
The regiment was raised in 1701 by Colonel Melchior von Schöpping. It initially comprised five companies organised in a single battalion, for a total of 375 men.
In 1702, the regiment was increased to 10 companies organised in two battalions. Each company numbered 87 men.
During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive Chefs of the regiment were:
- from 1701: Colonel Melchior von Schöpping (killed in action at the Battle of the Schellenberg in 1704)
- from 1703 to 1718: Lieutenant-Colonel C. H. von Exterde
In 1789, the regiment was amalgamated with the Infanterieregiment No. 9.
Service during the War
In June 1702, one battalion of the regiment was at the Siege of Kaiserswerth. By July, one battalion formed part of the Allied army encamped at Nijmegen.
In March 1703, the regiment was part of the contingent in Dutch pay, under command of Lieutenant-General von Goor, which was sent to reinforce the army of the Margrave of Baden on the Rhine. By mid-August, the regiment had joined Baden’s Army, which was posted between the Zwergbach and the Egge River. It was deployed in the first line of the left wing, in Goor’s Brigade.
In 1704, when the regiment came out of its winter-quarters it counted 10 companies but only 586 men. On 2 July, one battalion of the regiment was present at the Battle of Schellenberg, where it was allocated to St. Paul’s Brigade. On 13 August, one battalion took part in the Battle of Blenheim, where it was deployed in the first line of the centre, in Herleville’s Brigade.
To do: add details for the campaigns from 1705 to 1713
Böhm, Uwe Peter: Hessisches Militär: Die Truppen der Landgrafschaft Hessen-Kassel 1672-1806, Herausgegeben im Auftrag der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Heereskunde e.V., Beckum 1986
Witzel, Rudolf: Hessen Kassels Regimenter in der Allierten Armee 1762, bearb. u. hrsg. von Ingo Kroll, Norderstedt 2007, pp. 103-105
Zeitschrift des Vereins für hessische Geschichte und Landeskunde, Volume 8, Kassel 1860, p. 215
N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.
Jörg Meier for additional info on the commanders of the regiment