Schade Dragoons

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Würzburg Army >> Schade Dragoons

Origin and History

The regiment was raised in 1688 and given to Erhard Gustav von Münster. It consisted of 10 companies. After the Peace of Rijswijk, four companies were dissolved, the remaining companies went into Imperial service and to Hungary.

In 1701, the regiment was put on a footing of 10 companies with 800 men.

The successive proprietors of the regiment were:

  • from 1688: Erhard Gustav von Münster
  • from 1701: Otto Heinrich von Schade
  • from 1703: Johann Reinhart von Fechenbach
  • from 1706: Johann Wilhelm von Wolfskeel
  • from 1717: Philipp Adam von Berlichingen
  • from 1731: Johann Moritz von Berlichingen
  • from 1735: Johann Marquard Singer von Mossau
  • from 1745: Johann Gottfried Ernst von Wolfskeel
  • from 1767: Carl Joseph von Trauttenberg
  • from 1770: Philipp Christoph Wilhelm von Guttenberg
  • from 1792: Johann Wilhelm von Bubenhofen

The regiment ended up as a Bavarian Chevauxlegers-regiment in 1803. For a short period (1806 to 1814) in the Grand Duchy of Würzburg, they were organised as a Chevauxlegers-Division, to make a full regiment again when Würzburg was transferred back to Bavaria.

Service during the War

1702

In April 1702, Schade Dragoons crossed the Rhine with the corps of the Margrave of Baden to lay siege to Landau, but proceeded to the Lauter River with the Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth.

On 10 October, in the Battle of Friedlingen, the dragoons lost one ensign and 29 men killed; two ensigns, and 35 men wounded; and one ensign, and 14 men missing or captured.

1703

After winter quarters in Würzburg territory, the regiment was transferred to Styrum’s Corps in Franconia, with only one squadron with horses fit for service.

On 4 March 1703, as a part of this corps, the dragoons fought at Dietfurt and subsequently took the town of Neumarkt/Opf. On 23 March, a squadron took part in the skirmish at Schmidtmühlen. It then proceeded into Bavaria with the Margrave of Baden.

In August, the regiment in August was supplemented to five squadrons.

The regiment took its winter-quarters in Swabia.

1704

On 13 August 1704, at the Battle of Blenheim, the regiment suffered heavy losses.

1705

In 1705 the dragoons may have been present at the siege of Hagenau.

1706

In July 1706, the dragoons were transferred to Hungary to fight in the Rákóczi Uprising.

On 4 September, the dragoons - on foot - were involved in the assault on the redoubts of Nagy-Magyar (Nagymagyar, Zlaté Klasy, 25 km east of Preßburg/Bratislava).

On 27 September, they took part in the engagement at the bridgehead of Karvá-Neudorf (Kravany nad Dunajo, 50 km north-west of Budapest).

In October, the regiment took part in the siege of Gran (Esztergom).

1707

In 1707 the regiment took part in a number of actions, namely at Saz and Also-Mesteri (unidentified location).

1708

In 1708, the dragoons took part in Heister's raid in the Bakony Forest (north of Lake Balaton). On 3 August, they were present at the Battle of Trentschin (Trencsén, Trencín/Slovakia). They might have also been present at the siege of Neutra (Nyitra, Nitra/Slovakia) and at the blockade of Neuhäusel (Érskújvár, Nové Zámky/Slovakia) in August.

1709

In August 1709, the regiment was part of Tollet’s Corps when it was attacked by cavalry in the Liptau (Liptó, Liptov, Liptów in northern Slovakia) lines in an unnamed village and then fired on by artillery. It managed to hold its position.

In the winter of 1709/10, the regiment was probably with Major General Virmond at Leutschau (Levoča, Lőcse, c. 200 km north-east of Budapest).

1710

In the winter of 1710/11, the regiment captured Sztropkö (Stropkov).

1711

In January 1711, the regiment roamed the vicinities of Munkcáz (Mukatschewo, Mukačevo), which fell on June 22.

When the uprising ended in 1711, the dragoons returned to Würzburg, only to be moved into the Netherlands.

1712

In June and July 1712, the regiment took part in the siege and capture of Le Quesnoy.

Uniform

Wagner/Golberg assume white-grey coat with blue facings and pewter buttons.

Colours

no information found

References

Helmes, Hermann: Aus der Geschichte der Würzburger Truppen (1628-1802). Würzburg 1909

Helmes, Hermann: Das fürstbischöfl.-würzburgische Dragoner Regiment 1688-1803. [Würzburg] 1896

Wagner, Sigbert/Golberg, Claus-Peter: Bemalungsangaben für die Zeit des Spanischen Erbfolgekrieges, Tafel 245 Dragoner Fechenbach.

Acknowledgement

Klaus Roider for the initial version of this article