Schlippenbach Horse

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Prussian Army >> Schlippenbach Horse

Origin and History

In February 1666, the Elector of Brandenburg enlisted 3,500 men in his cavalry. The first of these regiments, consisting of 500 men in six companies, was placed under the command of Johann Georg Duke Anhalt-Dessau.

In 1672 and 1673, during the Franco-Dutch War (1672-78), the regiment (now 600 men) campaigned on Lower Rhine, alongside Dutch troops.

On 29 July 1693, during the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment fought in the Battle of Landen, where it suffered heavy losses. In the following years, it remained in Brabant.

From 1697, the regiment garrisoned Anhalt.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regimental Chef was:

  • from 1693: Major-General Carl Friedrich von Schlippenbach

The numbering system (Stammliste) was first used by Leopold I., Fürst von Anhalt-Dessau (Der alte Dessauer) in the Dessauer Spezifikation from 1737. Around 1780 the numbers were used in the printed Stammlisten, still with some variations for the fusilier regiments. It became official by "Cabinets-Ordre" from October 1, 1806. The present cuirassier regiment was attributed number 1.

Service during the War

In 1706, the regiment was part of Lottum’s Corps, which was sent to Flanders. In August, the regiment took part in the siege and capture of Menin.

On 11 July 1708, the regiment took part in the Battle of Oudenarde. On 28 September, it was at the Engagement of Wijnendale. The same year, it occupied Lille and Ghent and repulsed the French in front of Ostend.

On 11 September 1709, the regiment took part in the Battle of Malplaquet.

From 1710 to 1713, the regiment (now 534 men in six companies) garrisoned in the Uckermark and in Lebus.


From 1700, each Prussian unit started to wear a distinguishing uniform. A regulation was issued in 1709 to standardize the uniform and equipment.


To do


To do


Nelke, Reinhard: Preussen

N.B.: the section Service during the War is partly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.


Harald Skala for the initial version of the article