Sennectère Dragons

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Sennectère Dragons

Origin and History

This regiment of dragoons was created on 11 December 1675 by the Comte de Dreux-Nancré, governor of Ath. At the end of 1676, the regiment was not yet completed when its original proprietor sold it to M. de Bursard and the completion of the regiment was done in Maastricht.

During the Franco-Dutch War (1672-78), the regiment probably garrisoned in various places.

In 1681, the regiment became the property of the Comte de Tessé. In 1683, it was at the camp of the Saône, and in 1684 at the siege of Luxembourg.

In 1690, during the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment took part in the Battle of Fleurus; and in 1691, in the capture of Mons. In 1692, the regiment became the property of the Comte de Sennectère and participated in the siege of Namur, in the Battle of Steenkerque and in the bombardment of Charleroi. In 1693, it was transferred to Italy and fought in the Battle of Marsaglia. In 1696, it took part in the siege of Valencia. In 1697, it returned to Flanders and took part in the siege of Ath. It was then cantoned on the Meuse River.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive mestres de camp of the regiment were:

  • from 2 April 1692: Henri Comte de Sennectère
  • from 11 January 1705 to 1727: N. Le Coigneux, Marquis de Belabre

Service during the War

In 1701, the regiment was initially employed for the occupation of various places in the Spanish Netherlands. In March, it was stationed in Upper Guelderland. At the beginning of October, it occupied Herkelens. At the end of the year, it took up its winter-quarters in Franche-Comté.

On 20 January 1702, the regiment formed part of the first reinforcement destined to the French Army of Italy, which embarked at Toulon. As they disembarked in Genoa, the troops marched to the Duchy of Milan by Alessandria. By March, it formed part of the field army. On 15 August, it took part in the Battle of Luzzara and later in the capture of Guastalla and Borgoforte.

On 19 January 1703, it took part in the Combat of Castelnuovo Bormida. It then took part in the blockade of Bersello, in the capture of Desenzano and in the expedition in Trentino.

In June 1704, the regiment was attached to Albergotti’s Corps operating in Monferrato. It then took part in the Siege of Vercelli. From August to September, it was at the Siege of Ivrea. From October, it took part in the long Siege of Verrua, which would last until April 1705.

In June and July 1705, the regiment took part in the Siege of Chivasso.

On 19 April 1706, the regiment took part in the Battle of Calcinato, where it was deployed in the first line of the left wing. In mid-May, along with the Lautrec Dragons, it was detached to the mouth of the Adige where they occupied the villages of Tornova, Cavarzere, Loreo and Retinella. On 7 September, it fought in the Battle of Turin, where it was deployed in the second line. After this disaster, the regiment retreated to France.

On 11 July 1708, the regiment was present at the Battle of Oudenarde.

In 1710, the regiment served in Flanders where it was brigaded with the Colonel Général Dragons and Listenois Dragons. From September to November, it took part in the defence of Aire-sur-la-Lys.

In May 1712, the regiment formed part of the Reserve in Villars’s Army in the Low Countries.

In 1713, the regiment served on the Rhine.

Uniform

To do

Guidons

Green guidons fringed and embroidered in gold, with the Royal sun and the motto “Nec Pluribus Impar”.

References

Susane, Louis: Histoire de la cavalerie française, Vol. 3, J. Hetzel et Cie, Paris, 1874, pp. 74-82

Pajol, Charles P. V.: Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891, p. 434

N.B.: the section Service during the War is partly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.