Sevilla Cavalry

From Project WSS
Jump to navigationJump to search

Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Sevilla Cavalry

Origin and History

The regiment was raised in Spain on 29 August 1702.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive colonels of the regiment were:

  • since 29 August 1702: Lorenzo Fernandez de la Villavicencio, Marquis de Valdehermosa de Pezuela (promoted to maréchal de camp in 1704, to lieutenant-general in 1709)
  • from 23 March 1704: Ignacio de Villacis y Torres
  • from 4 March 1705: Fernando de Paz y Fajardo
  • from 14 December 1706: Gaspar de Venegas y Cordoba
  • from March 1707: Joseph Ramon Ximenez de Enciso y Fernandez de Santillan, Count del Paraiso
  • from 1710: Felipe Ramirez de Arellano
  • from 1715: Juan Fernandez de Guzman y Bazan

Service during the War

In 1704, the regiment took part in the campaign in Portugal and later in the siege of Gibraltar.

On 25 April 1707, the regiment fought in the Battle of Almansa.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1705- Source: Copyright Richard Couture
Uniform Detailsas per a watercolour by Javier Alvarez Barroso in Dragonas
Headgear black tricorne laced white, with a red cockade fastened with a clip and a pewter button
Neck stock white
Coat blue with white lining; pewter buttons on the right side
Collar none
Shoulder straps white aiguillette on both shoulders
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal double pockets, each with 3 pewter buttons
Cuffs white, each with 5 pewter buttons
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat white with pewter buttons
Breeches blue
Leather Equipment
Bandolier brown leather
Waistbelt brown leather worn above the coat
Cartridge Box brown leather ventral cartridge box
Scabbard black leather with a white metal tip
Footgear brown leather boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth blue edged with a wide white braid
Housings blue edged with a wide white braid
Blanket roll grey


Troopers were armed with a sword, a pistol and a carbine.

Officers

Uniforms of officers differed from those of privates and NCOs by the finer material used. Their waistcoat, saddle cloth and housings were edged with a wide golden braid. They always wore a tricorne notwithstanding the headgear worn by soldiers.

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • colonel: a baton with a gold knob
  • lieutenant-colonel: a baton with a silver knob
  • sargento mayor: a baton with a silver topped knob
  • captain: silver or golden epaulettes (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on both shoulders
  • lieutenant: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the right shoulder
  • cornet: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the left shoulder

NCOs

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • sergeant : baton without knob and halberd
  • mariscal de logis (quartermaster): small woolen epaulette (red or of the distinctive colour of the regiment)
  • brigadier: swagger stick
  • corporal of squadron: swagger stick
  • second corporal of squadron (rank suppressed in 1706): swagger stick

Musicians

no information found yet

Standards

no information found yet

References

Dragonas Magazine

Acknowledgement

Jean-Pierre Loriot for the initial version of this article.