Soissonnais Infanterie

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Soissonnais Infanterie

Origin and History

The regiment was created on 19 September 1684 and took the name of the province of Soissonnais. Indeed, expecting a Coalition to soon form against France, Louis XIV raised 30 new regiments from 1 to 30 September for the defence of the various places of the realm. By raising one regiment a day, he avoided any problem of precedence among these new regiments. The regiment was given to N. de Goyon-Grimaldi, Duc de Valentinois.

In 1690, during the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment joined the Army of the Flanders and fought in the Battle of Fleurus. In 1691, it took part in the siege of Mons; in 1692, in the siege of Namur and in the Battle of Steenkerque; and in 1693, in the Battle of Landen and in the siege of Charleroi. In 1695, the regiment campaigned on the Rhine; and in 1696 and 1697, on the Meuse.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was commanded by:

  • from 14 April 1696 to 16 August 1705: Charles d’Ambly, Marquis de Chaumont
  • from 17 August 1705 to August 1716: André-Jules Comte de Barville

Service during the War

In 1701, the regiment was allocated to the Army of Italy.

On 15 August 1702, the regiment took part in the Battle of Luzzara and, afterwards, in the capture of Luzzara.

In 1703, the regiment took part in the expedition in South Tyrol.

In 1704, the regiment took part in the sieges of Vercelli, Ivrea and Verrua.

In 1705, the regiment took part in the siege of Chivasso. On 16 August, it fought in the Battle of Cassano where his colonel was killed.

From May 1706, it took part in the siege of Turin. On 8 September, it fought in the Battle of Castiglione.

In 1707, the regiment took part in the defence of Provence.

From 1708 to 1712, the regiment served with the Army of Dauphiné.

In 1713, the regiment took part in the sieges of Landau and Freiburg.

Uniform

To do

Colours

Colonel Colour - Copyright: Kronoskaf
Ordonnance Colour - Copyright: Kronoskaf

References

This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Susane, Louis: Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française, J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 8, pp. 234-235