Spanish (Bourbon) Line Infantry Organisation

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Spanish (Bourbon) Line Infantry Organisation

Introduction

With the accession of the French Bourbon dynasty to the throne of Spain, the Spanish army was gradually reorganised on the pattern of the French Army.

Reorganisation of 10 April 1702

A regulation dated 10 April 1702 transformed the traditional Spanish tercios into battalions. Each tercio being reorganised in:

  • staff
    • 1 coronel (colonel)
    • 1 teniente coronel (lieutenant-colonel)
    • 1 sargento mayor (sergeant-major)
    • 1 ayudante (adjutant
    • 1 furriel (quartermaster)
    • 1 capellan (chaplain)
    • 1 cirurjano (surgeon)
  • 13 companies, each consisting of:
    • capitan (captain) the most senior captain of the battalion being designated as Commandante de batallon
    • 1 teniente (first-lieutenant)
    • 1 alférez (second-lieutenant)
    • 2 sargentos (sergeants)
    • 3 caporales (corporals) or cabos
    • 3 lanspesadas (lance-corporals)
    • 1 tambor (drummer)
    • 47 soldados (soldiers)
      • 37 arcabuceros (musketeers)
      • 10 piqueros (pikemen)

On 29 September 1704, each battalion was increased with:

  • 1 subteniente (sub-lieutenant)
  • 2 sargentos (sergeants)

...and the rank of alférez disappeared.

Reorganisation of 28 September 1707

A regulation dated 28 September 1707 changed the composition of the regiments of infantry. Each regiment now consisting of:

  • staff
    • 1 coronel (colonel)
    • 1 teniente coronel (lieutenant-colonel)
    • 1 sargento mayor (sergeant-major)
    • 1 cirurjano (surgeon)
  • 12 companies, each consisting of:
    • 1 capitan (captain)
    • 1 teniente (first-lieutenant)
    • 1 alférez (second-lieutenant)
    • 2 sargentos (sergeants)
    • 3 cabos de escuadre (corporals)
    • 3 cabos segundos (second-corporals)
    • 2 carabineros (carabiniers) armed with rifles
    • 1 tambor (drummer)
    • 39 soldados (soldiers)

References

Boletin Agrupacion Miniaturistas Militares de España

Acknowledgment

Jean-Pierre Loriot for the initial version of this article.