Spanish Army (Bourbon)

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon)

Introduction

This army will probably be the most difficult to document. Sometimes the regiment are designated by the name of their successive colonels (for ex.: Don Carlos Guzman), sometimes by their official titles (for ex.: Lombardía), sometimes by the colour of their uniform (for ex.: Tercio Morados Nuevos). Furthermore, the tercios were reorganised in regiments in the first years of the war.

We will populate the article gradually as we establish the lineages of the various units.

État-Major

Grand Staff

Household Units

The Marquis de Louville, who accompanied Philip V to Spain, reorganised the troops of the Casa Real

Guardia de Corps

Guardia Real de Caballeria (of Charles II), transformed in the line cavalry Reina in 1702
Guardia Española de Alabarderos (a single company)
Compania de Mosqueteros de la Guardia de la Persona (disbanded in 1704)
Real España Caballeria, aka Salcedo, 1703 Portocarrero (disbanded in 1704)
Reales Guardias de Corps a caballo (raised in 1704)

Guardia de Infanteria

Regimiento de Reales Guardias Españolas, aka Aguilar (raised in 1703)
Regimiento de Reales Guardias Valonas, aka Bergeyck (raised in 1702)

Line Infantry

Organisation
Generalities about the colours

At the beginning of the reign of King Philip V, the Spanish infantry counted 64 tercios distributed as follows:

  • in Spain (including units posted on the coast of North Africa): 29 tercios
  • in Flanders: 18 tercios
  • in Lombardia: 10 tercios
  • in Naples: 6 tercios
  • in Sicily: 1 tercio

Spanish Line Infantry Regiments

Existing before the beginning of the war

Initially stationed in Spain

Tercio viejo del mar océano de infanteria napolitana transferred from the Navy in 1705, 1707 Regimiento de Nápoles (aka Visconti, 1703 Dragonetti, 1709 Aflitto)
Tercio viejo de la Armada real del mar océano transferred from the Navy in 1704, 1707 Regimiento de Bajeles, (aka Barrientos, 1703 Pacheco, 1704 Solis y Gante)
Tercio de Jaen, 1704 Regimiento de Jaen (aka Riera and Aldana,) 1713 incorporated in the former Tercio auxiliar de Flandes
Tercio Provincial de Sevilla Morados, 1707 Regimiento de Castilla (aka Pimienta, 1703 Padilla, 1705 Charny, 1710 Pueyo)
Tercio viejo de Extremadura, 1707 Regimiento de Badajoz (aka Robles, Mejia, Riera, Rubio, Mejia, Ordenal)
Tercio Provincial de Burgos Amarillos Viejos, 1707 Regimiento de Guadalajara (aka Almenara, 1703 Pacheco, 1705 Carraciolo)
Tercio Provincial de Madrid Colorados Viejos, 1707 Regimiento de Sevilla (aka Zuniga, 1702 Ibañez, 1704 Pozo-Bueno, 1707 Elguezabal, and Gauna)
Tercio de la Costa de Granada, 1707 Regimiento de la Costa (aka Primo y Daza, Cerda, Constanzo, and Pueyo)
Tercio Provincial de Toledo Azules Viejos, 1707 Regimiento de Toledo (aka Alarcon, 1702 Montes Vigil, 1707 Oñate, 1707 Salvatierra)
Tercio Provincial de Valladolid Verdes Viejos, 1707 Regimiento de Córdoba (aka Dávila, 1707 Rui-Perez de Orduña)
Tercio Viejo de Cataluña de Infanteria Napolitana (aka Recco, 1702 Aragon, 1706 Castel-Ayrola, 1706 Evoli)
Tercio Nuevo de la Armada del Mar Océano, 1707 Regimiento de la Armada (aka San Gil y la Justicia, 1703 Delgado y Alarcon, 1707 Santa Cruz)
Tercio de O'Lulla, disbanded in 1710
Tercio Provincial Nuevo de Segovia Blancos, 1707 Regimiento de Segovia (aka Luna y Cárcamo, 1705 Castro y Neyra, 1708 Torremayor)
Tercio Provincial Nuevo de Extremadura, 1707 Regimiento de Extremadura (aka Pedroche, 1710 Vazquez de la Cuadra)
Tercio Provincial Nuevo de Leon Amarillos Nuevos, 1707 Regimiento de Leon (aka Cosio, Aguirre and Palomino)

Initially stationed on the Coast of Africa

Tercio del Casco de Granada, 1707 Regimiento de Granada (aka Zegri, 1702 Cerda, 1706 Ozores)
Tercio Provincial Nuevo de Valladolid Verdes Nuevos, 1707 Regimiento de Valladolid (aka Aguirre, 1706 Narváez, 1712 Vicaria)
Tercio Provincial Nuevo de Burgos, 1707 Regimiento de Burgos (aka Carcamo, 1703 Castillo, 1711 Usel y Guimbarda, 1712 Escalera)
Tercio Provincial Nuevo de Murcia Azules Nuevos, 1707 Regimiento de Murcia (aka Huidobro, 1707 Quintana, 1707 Guzman, 1708 Santiago Buscamante)
Tercio de las milicias de Málaga, 1704 Regimiento de Málaga (aka Medina)

Initially stationed in the Spanish Netherlands

In 1701, the 18 tercios stationed in the Spanish Netherlands could field only 20% of their theoretical strength.

Tercio de Flandes (aka Amézaga, Los Rios and Mariño de la Sierra), 1715 Regimiento de Galicia
Tercio departamental de Holanda (aka Guzman, 1702 Ibañez), 1715 Regimiento de Zamora
Tercio departamental del Bravante (aka Zuñiga, 1707 Benavides or Melin, 1711 Solis Y Gante), 1715 Regimiento de Soria
Tercio auxiliar de Flandes (aka Del Valle, 1709 Pantoja), 1707 Regimiento de Jaen
Tercio de Idiaquez, 1704 Tercio del Prince de Ligne, 1715 Regimiento de Toro
Tercio de Mancheño, around 1713 Tercio del Marqués de Villescas
Don Marcello Grimaldi. 1703 Don Philippe Grimaldi
Paulo Magno
Don Antonio Grimaldi aka Grimaldi le Jeune, 1706 Caraccioli
Westerloo, 1703 Holstein
Lannoy, 1702 Grouff, 1706 Wemmel
Grobendonck, 1704 Laerne
Nassau
Deynse
Capres
Wrangel
Milan
Spinola

Initially stationed in Lombardia

Tercio de Lombardia, 1704 Regimiento de Lombardia (aka Aguilar, 1702 Pio de Saboya), 1708 Sotelo)
Tercio de la Mar de Nápoles, 1705 Regimiento de la Corona (aka Córdova, Cabra y Cardona, Navamorquende, Spinola de Siruela, Aponte, Cárdenas)
Tercio de Lisboa, 1707 Regimiento de Lisboa (aka Concha, Moreno, Valdefuentes, Cantos)
Tercio de Saboya, 1707 Regimiento de Saboya (aka Pimentel y Quinones, Mirabel, Branteville, Gormaz, Sentmanat, Aguilar del Campo

Initially stationed in the Kingdom of Naples

In 1701, the six tercios stationed in the Kingdom of Naples could field only six companies.

Tercio Fijo de Sicilia, 1713 Regimiento de Sicilia (aka Pardo de Ribadeneyra, 1709 Fajardo)

Raised during the war

Tercio de Montfort, raised in the Netherlands in 1701
Tercio de Leyde, raised in the Netherlands in 1702, aka Hainault
Tercio de Vandergracht, raised in the Netherlands in 1702
Tercio de Arcebuseros de Artilleria, raised in the Netherlands in 1702, aka Fusilier d'Artillerie
Tercio de Dumont, raised in the Netherlands in 1702
Tercio de Caraccioli, raised in the Netherlands in 1702, disbanded in 1706
Tercio de Sars, raised in the Netherlands in 1702
Tercio de Courrières, raised in the Netherlands in 1702
Tercio de Brias, raised in the Netherlands in 1702
Tercio de La Faille, raised in the Netherlands in 1702
Tercio de Benavidès, raised in the Netherlands in 1702
Tercio de Rupelmonde, raised in the Netherlands in 1702, 1711 Bournonville
Tercio de Grimberghes, raised in the Netherlands in 1702
Tercio de Saubage, raised in the Netherlands in 1702, 1703 Rhingrave
Tercio de Hamale, raised in the Netherlands in 1702
Tercio de Pas Feuquier, raised in the Netherlands in 1702
Tercio de Certani, raised in the Netherlands in 1702
Tercio de Morayken, raised in the Netherlands in 1702, 1703 La Neuville
Tercio de Valdesevilla, raised in Spain in 1702, 1706 Regimiento de Antequera
Tercio de Marschal, raised in the Netherlands in 1703
Tercio de Potteghem, raised in the Netherlands in 1703
Tercio de Guipúzcoa, raised in Spain in 1703, 1704 Regimiento de Guipúzcoa (aka Areizaga, Guendica)
Tercio de la Armada, raised in Spain in 1703, 1707 Regimiento de Cádiz (aka Puente y Herrera, 1709 Oliver y Fullana)
Tercio de Salamanca, raised in Spain in 1703, 1707 Regimiento de Salamanca (aka Osorio, Almodovar)
Tercio de Madrid, raised in Spain in 1703, 1704 Regimiento de Madrid (aka Ronquillo, 1704 Ureta y Ayanz, 1707 Aranda)
Tercio de Asturias, raised in Spain in 1703, 1707 Regimiento de Asturias (aka Puerto, Santa Cruz de Marcenado)
Tercio de Coria, raised in Spain in 1703, 1707 Regimiento de Coria (aka Quiñones y Neira, 1707 Pacheco Portocarrero)
Tercio de Ceuta, created in North Africa in 1703 (aka Guevara Vasconcelos, Jimenez, Ferrer)
Tercio de Alava, raised in Spain in 1703, 1707 Regimiento de Victoria (aka Estrada y Nava)
Tercio de Osuna, raised in Spain in 1703, 1707 Regimiento de Osuna (aka Figueroa y Silva, 1704 Galiano y Córdoba)
Tercio de Valencia, assembled in Spain in 1704, 1704 Regimiento de Valencia (aka Mora y Perea, Navia Bolaño, Salgado)
Segundo Corpo de Granada, raised in Spain in 1705, 1707 Regimiento de Santa Fé (aka Vazquez de Vargas, 1710 Chacon Hidalgo)
Tercio de Navarra, raised in Spain in 1705, 1707 Regimiento de Navarra (aka Mencos, 1707 García Salcedo)
Tercio de Pamplona, raised in Spain in 1705, 1707 Regimiento de Pamplona (aka Ripalda, 1709 Zabalza)
Tercio de Molina, raised in Spain in 1705, 1707 Regimiento de Molina (aka Belloto y Dezcallar, 1708 Serrano)
Regimiento de Toro, raised in Spain in 1707 (aka Manrique)
Regimiento de Almansa, raised in Spain in 1709 (aka Gonzalez)
Regimiento de Vizcaya, raised in Spain in 1709
Regimiento de Alava, raised in Spain in 1709
Regimiento de Castlebar, Irish unit raised in Spain in 1709
Regimiento de Liria, Irish unit raised in Spain in 1709, soon renamed Vendôme
Regimiento de Mac-Auliff, Irish unit raised in Spain in 1709
Regimiento de Comesford, Irish unit raised in Spain in 1709
Regimiento de Aragon, raised in Spain in 1711 (aka Sada)

Militias

In 1705, King Philip V created 100 militia regiments. If their ranks could not be filled with volunteers, they were completed by men selected by drawing of lots. Thus, compulsory military service was partially introduced in Spain.

Cavalry

Line Cavalry

Organisation

Existing before the beginning of the war

Initially stationed in Spain

Rosellon, 1703 Rosellon Viejo
Ordenes, 1706 Ordenes Viejo
Extremadura
Milan
Flandes (sent to Italy in 1702, back in Spain by 1710)
Brabante (sent to Italy in 1702, back in Spain by 1710)

Initially stationed in the Spanish Netherlands

Guardias de España aka Gardes Wallons or Guardias de Flandes
Ribeaucourt, 1703 Los Rios, 1715 La Farina
Peñalosa, 1702 Hornes, 1703 Havré, 1703 Heyder
Noirmont, 1703 Cano, 1715 du Puys
Fraula
Toulongeon
Fourneau, 1703 Glymes, 1704 Fraineau, 1706 Corral, 1715 Atri
Berghes, 1703 Beaussart, 1706 Drouhot
Cécile
Hartmann, 1701 Landas, 1704 Louvignies
Chimay, 1704 Lacatoire
Gaetano, former Courrières
Grigny, 1703 Bay, 1704 Egmont; aka General de Caballeria
Chacon, 1702 Croy, 1704 Costa, 1715 Conde del Real
Brancaccio, 1702 Lidekerke, 1704 Fresin

Initially stationed in the Duchy of Milan

Balbases aka Sesto, 1704 Molfetta, 171? Fantaguzzi; aka General de Caballeria
Trivulzio aka Teniente General
Valdefuentes aka Cabaleria Napolitana, 1705 Bracamonte
Coppola aka Caballeria Extranjera, 1708 du Puys

Initially stationed in the Kingdom of Naples

Guardia de Nápoles aka Oléa aka Corazas de la Guardia de Corps
Villet

Raised during the war

Guardia de Italia, raised in the Vice-royalty of Naples in 1701
Manso, raised in the Vice-royalty of Naples in 1701
Sevilla, raised in Spain in 1702
Saluzzo, raised in Spain in 1703, 1706 Amezaga, 1709 Pinos, 1710 Vargas, 1711 Arduino
Granada, raised in Spain in 1703
Amasa, raised in Spain in 1703, 1704 San Vincente, 1709 Pignatelli
Montenegro, raised in Spain in 1703, 1706 Armendariz
Moscoso, raised in Spain in 1703, 1706 Solis, 1709 Zayas
Reina, raised in Spain in 1703
Real Asturias, raised in Spain in 1703
Rosellon Nuevo, raised in Spain in 1703
Villavicencio, raised in Spain in 1703, 1704 Bustamante, 1705 Roja
Santiago Viejo, raised in Spain in 1703
Carraciolo, raised in the Vice-royalty of Naples in 1703, disbanded in 1706
Dentici, raised in the Vice-royalty of Naples in 1703, 1708 Colonna, disbanded in 1715
Carvajal, raised in Spain in 1704
Mendivil, raised in Spain in 1704, 1706 Villadarias, 1710 Castillo
Nebot, raised in Spain in 1704, joined the pro-Habsburg army in 1705
Pozoblanco, raised in Spain in 1704
Caltojar, raised in Spain in 1705, 1706 Leira, 1709 Salas, 1711 Villalegre
Jaen, raised in Spain in 1705
Galindo, raised in Spain in 1706, 1706 Montemar, 1708 Salazar
Ordenes Nuevo, raised in Spain in 1706
Blasco, raised in Spain in 1706, 1707 Lanzarote, 1711 Rivera, 1712 Vendôme
Salamanca, raised in Spain in 1706, aka Sanguineto
Orense, raised in Spain in 1706, aka Prado, disbanded in 1715
Velasco, raised in Spain in 1706
Ubeda y Baeza, raised in Spain in 1706, aka La Rambla, disbanded in 1715
Granada Nuevo, raised in Spain in 1706, disbanded in 1715
Málaga, raised in Spain in 1706, disbanded in 1715
Santiago Nuevo, raised in Spain in 1706, aka Estrella, disbanded in 1715
Cuantiosos de Extremadura, raised in Spain in 1707, aka Lorenzana
Pastor, raised in Spain in 1709, disbanded in 1715
Quevedo, raised in 1710, disbanded in 1715

Dragoons

work in progress...

Organisation
Generalities about the uniforms

Existing before the beginning of the war

Initially stationed in the Spain

Tercio de Dragones Viejo, 1704 Belvalet
Tercio de Dragones Nuevo aka Armendáriz, 1702 Villareal

Initially stationed in the Spanish Netherlands

Richebourg, 1707 Melun, 1712 Richebourg, 1712 Itre
Valensart, 1705 Aquaviva, 1710 Brouchoven, 1711 de Solis
Ferrar, 1710 Vandoma (aka Vendôme)

Initially stationed in Lombardy

Monroy, 1703 Caylus, 17?? Itre, from 1718 Pavia

Raised during the war

Mahony (more exactly O'Mahony), raised in Spain in 1703
Mendoza, raised in Spain (Catalonia) in 1703, 1705 Picalquer, 1711 Grimau
Camprodon, raised in Spain (Catalonia) in 1703, 1707 Marimon, 1710 Abarca, 1712 Marimon
Pasteur, raised in the Spanish Netherlands in 1703
Vallejo, raised in Spain in 1705
Ferrari, raised in Naples in 1705
Grafton, raised in 1705 (sometimes designated as Fitzroy or Fitzhary in Spanish sources)
Reina, raised in Spain in 1706, taken prisoners in 1707, never re-raised
Flavencourt, raised in the Spanish Netherlands in 1707
Toulongeon, raised in the Spanish Netherlands in 1707
Osuna, raised in Spain in 1707
Pezuela, raised in Spain in 1709
Ceballos, raised in Spain in 1711

Artillery

Regimiento Real de Artilleria de Espana

Engineers

To do

Light Troops

Tercio de Trincheria, a unit of migueletes raised in 1701, 1707 Regimiento de Cataluña
Tercio de Barcelona, a unit of migueletes raised in 1702 and disbanded in 1704

References

Infanteria de Felipe V - Periodo 1700-1703

Memorias para la historia de las troas de la Casa Real de Espana 1818

Dragonas Magazine

Arre Caballo

Acknowledgement

Jean-Pierre Loriot for the research on this army