Sydow Infantry

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Prussian Army >> Sydow Infantry

Origin and History

The regiment was created in 1693 from one battalion of Lottum Infantry and one company of Dohna Infantry. On 14 March 1695, Colonel Baltzer Friedrich von Sydow was appointed Chef of the regiment.

In 1694, during the Great Turkish War (1683-99), the regiment campaigned in Hungary and took part in the siege of Peterwardein. In 1697, it fought in the Battle of Zenta.

In 1703, with the permission of King Frederick I, Sydow sold his regiment to Colonel Friedrich Wilhelm von Grumbkow.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive regimental Chefs were:

  • from 14 March 1695: Colonel Baltzer Friedrich von Sydow
  • from 1703 to 1739: Colonel Friedrich Wilhelm von Grumbkow

The numbering system (Stammliste) was first used by Leopold I., Fürst von Anhalt-Dessau (Der alte Dessauer) in the Dessauer Spezifikation from 1737. Around 1780 the numbers were used in the printed Stammlisten, still with some variations for the fusilier regiments. It became official by "Cabinets-Ordre" from October 1, 1806. The present infantry regiment was attributed number 17.

Service during the War

In the Spring of 1701, the Sea Powers (England and the Dutch Republic) concluded a contract with the Kingdom of Prussia. One battalion of the regiment formed part of this contingent.

In 1702, Holstein-Beck Infantry, Lottum Infantry and Alt-Dohna Infantry contributed men to complete the regiment, which was taken in Dutch pay. From April to June it took part in the Siege of Kaiserswerth; and, from September to October, in the Siege of Roermond and then in the Siege of Rheinberg.

In April and May 1703, the regiment was present at the Siege of Bonn. In August, it was at the Siege of Huy. On 20 September, it regiment supposedly took part in the Battle of Höchstädt, but we found no trace of it in the order of battle.

In 1705, the regiment campaigned on the Moselle.

In 1706, the regiment campaigned once more in the Netherlands. On 23 May, it fought in the Battle of Ramillies. In August, it took part in the Siege of Menin and in September and October, in the Siege of Ath.

On 11 July 1708, the regiment took part in the Battle of Oudenarde, where it was almost entirely taken as prisoners of war by the French. but soon exchanged. On 28 September, it took part in the Engagement of Wijnendale.

On 11 September 1709, the regiment took part in the [[1709-09-11 – Battle of Malplaquet|Battle of Malplaquet. Then, till October, it was at the Siege of Mons.

In April and May 1710, the regiment took part in the Siege of Douai; and in September, in the Siege of Saint-Venant.

At the end of June 1712, after the departure of the British Contingent, one battalion of the regiment still formed part of the army of Field Marshal Prince Eugène de Savoie.

In 1714, the regiment returned to Prussia, where it was reduced to the level of a Prussian line infantry regiment and garrisoned Köslin and Rügenwalde.

Uniforms

From 1700, each Prussian unit started to wear a distinguishing uniform. A regulation was issued in 1709 to standardize the uniform and equipment.

Colours

Tentative Reconstruction
Leibfahne in 1706 - Copyright: Kronoskaf
Kompaniefahne in 1706 - Copyright: Kronoskaf

References

Dorn and Engelmann: Die Infanterie-Regimenter Friedrich des Großen, Friedberg, 1983

Fahnen und Standarten der brandenburgisch preussischen Armee, 1623-1713; Redlin, Reinhold, compiler & publisher 1975

Stammliste aller Regimenter und Corps der Königl.-Preussischen Armee, Berlin 1796

N.B.: the section Service during the War is partly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.

Acknowledgegent

Harald Skala for the initial version of this article