Tercio Fijo de Sicilia

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Tercio Fijo de Sicilia

Origin and History

The unit was initially established in 1535 as the Tercio de Sicilia.

In 1598, the unit was renamed Tercio fijo de Sicilia.

On 1 July 1707, the tercio was transformed into a regiment which initially counted a single battalion.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was under the command of:

  • from 1701 to 1709: Pedro Lopez Pardo de Ribadeneyra
  • from 1709: Don Pedro Fajardo

According to a regulation issued in 1718, the regiment was renamed “Africa”.

Service during the War

By 1705, the tercio was still stationed in Sicilia.

On 1 July 1707, the tercio was transformed into a regiment which initially counted a single battalion.

In 1708, the regiment was still in Sicilia.

On 21 December 1709, the viceroy subdivided the tercio in three separate units: one of them retaining the name of "Sicilia", under Colonel Pedro Fajardo, while the two other took the name of the maesters de campo": Don Nicolas Giovene and Don Agustin de Vilches.

The regiment remained in the island until the departure of the Spanish army in 1714 when it returned to Catalonia.

Uniform

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Privates

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Officers

Uniforms of officers differed from those of privates and NCOs by the finer material used. Their waistcoat, saddle cloth and housings were edged with a wide golden braid.

In the infantry, officers wore a silver or gold gorget and a spontoon.

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • colonel: a baton with a gold knob
  • lieutenant-colonel: a baton with a silver knob
  • sargento mayor: a baton with a silver topped knob
  • captain: baton as worn under the reign of the Habsburg
  • lieutenant: baton as worn under the reign of the Habsburg
  • sub-lieutenant: baton with a horn band and a silver ring

NCOs

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • sergeant : baton without knob and halberd
  • mariscal de logis (quartermaster): small white woolen epaulette
  • brigadier: swagger stick
  • corporal of squadron: swagger stick
  • second corporal of squadron (rank suppressed in 1706): swagger stick

Musicians

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Colours

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References

This article is mostly made of abridged and adapted excerpts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Clonard, Conde de, Historia Orgánica de las Armas de Infantería y Caballería, vol. VII, Madrid, 1851-62, pp. 358-388