Tercio de Barcelona

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Tercio de Barcelona

Origin and History

The tercio was created on 1 March 1702 from volunteer migueletes in Barcelona as a unit of light troops for the “Maestre de campo” Don Manuel Llovet. It was designated as the “Tercio de Barcelona”.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the tercio was under the command of:

  • from 1 March 1702 to 1704: Don Manuel Llovet (promoted to sargento general de batalla in 1704)

The tercio was disbanded in 1704. A new unit would be raised in 1719 and would be disbanded in 1732.

Service during the War

In May 1702, 400 men of the new tercio embarked at Barcelona and were transported to Ceuta on the coast of North Africa which was threatened by the Moors. In June, the rest of the tercio rejoined them at Ceuta.

On 18 May, the tercio distinguished itself in a sortie against the trenches of the Moors.

In 1704, the tercio was disbanded.

Uniform

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Privates

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Officers

Uniforms of officers differed from those of privates and NCOs by the finer material used. Their waistcoat, saddle cloth and housings were edged with a wide golden braid.

In the infantry, officers wore a silver or gold gorget and a spontoon.

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • colonel: a baton with a gold knob
  • lieutenant-colonel: a baton with a silver knob
  • sargento mayor: a baton with a silver topped knob
  • captain: baton as worn under the reign of the Habsburg
  • lieutenant: baton as worn under the reign of the Habsburg
  • sub-lieutenant: baton with a horn band and a silver ring

NCOs

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • sergeant : baton without knob and halberd
  • mariscal de logis (quartermaster): small white woolen epaulette
  • brigadier: swagger stick
  • corporal of squadron: swagger stick
  • second corporal of squadron (rank suppressed in 1706): swagger stick

Musicians

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Colours

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References

This article is mostly made of abridged and adapted excerpts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Clonard, Conde de, Historia Orgánica de las Armas de Infantería y Caballería, vol. XI, Madrid, 1851-62, pp. 5-15