Tercio de Coria

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Tercio de Coria

Origin and History

The tercio was raised on 9 July 1703 in Extremadura for the “Maestre de campo” Don Lorenzo Quiñones y Neira. It consisted of only 500 men.

On 10 February 1707, the tercio was transformed into a regiment designated as the “Regimiento de Coria”.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the tercio was under the command of:

  • from 9 July 1703: Don Lorenzo Quiñones y Neira
  • from 1707: Don Juan Pacheco Portocarrero

On 20 April 1715, the regiment was incorporated in the “Regimiento de Murcia”.

Service during the War

In 1703, the tercio joined the Army of Extremadura with which it served for the entire war.

On 10 February 1707, the tercio was transformed into a regiment designated as the “Regimiento de Coria”. The same year, it formed part of the garrison of Alcántara. The Marquis de Bay allocated the regiment to the brigade of Don Gonzalo de Carvajal to attack the fortified positions at Cuadraces.

In 1709, the regiment was brigaded with the “Regimiento de Alcántara” and took part in all operations against the Portuguese.

Uniform

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Privates

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Officers

Uniforms of officers differed from those of privates and NCOs by the finer material used. Their waistcoat, saddle cloth and housings were edged with a wide golden braid.

In the infantry, officers wore a silver or gold gorget and a spontoon.

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • colonel: a baton with a gold knob
  • lieutenant-colonel: a baton with a silver knob
  • sargento mayor: a baton with a silver topped knob
  • captain: baton as worn under the reign of the Habsburg
  • lieutenant: baton as worn under the reign of the Habsburg
  • sub-lieutenant: baton with a horn band and a silver ring

NCOs

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • sergeant : baton without knob and halberd
  • mariscal de logis (quartermaster): small white woolen epaulette
  • brigadier: swagger stick
  • corporal of squadron: swagger stick
  • second corporal of squadron (rank suppressed in 1706): swagger stick

Musicians

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Colours

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References

This article is mostly made of abridged and adapted excerpts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Clonard, Conde de, Historia Orgánica de las Armas de Infantería y Caballería, vol. X, Madrid, 1851-62, p. 403