Tercio de Dragones Nuevo

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Tercio de Dragones Nuevo

Origin and History

Did you know that...
José de Armendáriz y Perurena fought in the campaigns in Naples, Sardinia, Roussillon and Catalonia.

On 5 June 1711, King Philip V granted him the title of marquess of Castelfuerte. In 1723, he was appointed viceroy of Peru. In 1725, he quenched a revolt in Paraguay. In 1737, on his return to Spain, he was appointed a member of the Order of the Golden Fleece.

Armendáriz died in 1740 without descendants.

The “Tercio de Dragones Nuevo” was created in 1698 by José de Armendáriz y Perurena. It was also know as the Armendáriz Dragoons.

The successive colonels of the tercio/regiment were:

  • from 1698: José de Armendáriz y Perurena (not to be confused with his brother, Juan Francisco, who commanded the Armendáriz Cavalry Regiment from 1706)
  • from 1702: Don Manuel de Villareal

In 1707, the regiment was captured by General Daun and totally disbanded.

Service during the War

At the beginning of the war, the “Tercio de Dragones Nuevo” was stationed in Spain.

In 1703, after the failed pro-Habsburg revolt of Prince Macchia in Naples, the tercio was transferred there. In fact, Philip V did not trust local units and sent the present dragoon regiment along with the “Regimiento de Dragones Viejo” and one old Walloon infantry regiment to Naples.

In 1704, the old tercio became the “Regimiento de Dragones de Villareal,” which continued to be designated as the “Dragones de Nuevo.”

In 1707, the regiment was captured by General Daun and totally disbanded.

Uniform

Troopers

Uniform in 1706 - Copyright: Michele Savasta Fiore
Uniform Details in 1706
Headgear mitre cap with a white front flap edged green and a green cap with a white pompom
Neck stock white cravate
Coat green with copper buttons on the right side
Collar none
Shoulder straps a yellow aiguillette on the right shoulder
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 copper buttons
Cuffs white, each with 3 copper buttons
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat probably white with copper buttons
Breeches white (probably buff leather during campaign)
Leather Equipment
Bandolier natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather worn above the coat (white for grenadiers)
Cartridge Box natural leather ventral cartridge box
Scabbard black leather with a white metal tip
Footgear natural leather gaiters
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth green bordered with a white braid with a green stripe
Housings green bordered with a white braid with a green stripe and decorated with the golden monogram of Philip V
Blanket roll no information found


Troopers were armed with a sword, two pistols and a carbine.

Officers

Uniforms of officers differed from those of privates and NCOs by the finer material used. Their waistcoat, saddle cloth and housings were edged with a wide golden braid.

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • colonel: a baton with a gold knob
  • lieutenant-colonel: a baton with a silver knob
  • sargento mayor: a baton with a silver topped knob
  • captain: silver or golden epaulettes (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on both shoulders
  • lieutenant: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the right shoulder
  • cornet: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the left shoulder

NCOs

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • sergeant : baton without knob and halberd
  • mariscal de logis (quartermaster): small white woolen epaulette
  • brigadier: swagger stick
  • corporal of squadron: swagger stick
  • second corporal of squadron (rank suppressed in 1706): swagger stick

Musicians

Drummers probably wore a “reversed colours” uniform.

Guidons

Here are tentative reconstructions of the guidons of the regiment.

Colonela Guidon - Copyright: Michele Savasta Fiore using a template contributed by Gilbert Noury
Ordonnance Guidon - Copyright: Michele Savasta Fiore using a template contributed by Gilbert Noury

References

Acknowledgements

Michele Savasta Fiore for the initial version of this article