Tercio de Dragones Viejo

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Tercio de Dragones Viejo

Origin and History

In 1701, this unit was still known at the “Tercio de Dragones Viejo.” In 1704, it became the “Regimiento de Dragones de Bonvalet.”

The successive colonels of the tercio/regiment were:

  • from 1704 to 1707: Jacque Onuphre François de Belvalet, Chevalier and also Marquis de Humeroeil

In 1707, the regiment was captured by General Daun and totally disbanded.

Service during the War

At the beginning of the war, the “Tercio de Dragones Viejo” was stationed in Spain.

In 1703, after the failed pro-Habsburg revolt of Prince Macchia in Naples, the tercio was transferred there. In fact, Philip V did not trust local units and sent the present dragoon regiment along with the “Regimiento de Dragones Nuevo” and one old Walloon infantry regiment to Naples. The present tercio was deployed in Naples and 4 companies were posted at Pescara.

In 1704, the old tercio became the “Regimiento de Dragones de Bonvalet,” which continued to be designated as the “Dragones de Viejo.”

In 1707, the regiment was captured by General Daun and totally disbanded.

Uniform

Troopers

Uniform in 1706 - Copyright: Michele Savasta Fiore
Uniform Details in 1709
Headgear mitre cap with a red (probably) front flap edged yellow and a green cap with an red pompom
Neck stock white cravate
Coat green with copper buttons on the right side
Collar none
Shoulder straps a yellow aiguillette on the right shoulder
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 copper buttons
Cuffs probably red, each with 3 copper buttons
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat probably red with copper buttons
Breeches probably red (probably buff leather during campaign)
Leather Equipment
Bandolier natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather worn above the coat (white for grenadiers)
Cartridge Box natural leather ventral cartridge box
Scabbard black leather with a white metal tip
Footgear natural leather gaiters
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth probably red bordered in yellow
Housings probably red bordered in yellow with the silver monogram of Philip V
Blanket roll no information found


Troopers were armed with a sword, two pistols and a carbine.

Officers

Uniforms of officers differed from those of privates and NCOs by the finer material used. Their waistcoat, saddle cloth and housings were edged with a wide golden braid.

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • colonel: a baton with a gold knob
  • lieutenant-colonel: a baton with a silver knob
  • sargento mayor: a baton with a silver topped knob
  • captain: silver or golden epaulettes (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on both shoulders
  • lieutenant: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the right shoulder
  • cornet: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the left shoulder

NCOs

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • sergeant : baton without knob and halberd
  • mariscal de logis (quartermaster): small white woolen epaulette
  • brigadier: swagger stick
  • corporal of squadron: swagger stick
  • second corporal of squadron (rank suppressed in 1706): swagger stick

Musicians

Drummers probably wore a “reversed colours” uniform.

Guidons

Here are tentative reconstructions of the guidons of the regiment.

Colonela Guidon - Copyright: Michele Savasta Fiore using a template contributed by Gilbert Noury
Ordonnance Guidon - Copyright: Michele Savasta Fiore using a template contributed by Gilbert Noury

References

Acknowledgements

Michele Savasta Fiore for the initial version of this article