Tercio de Molina

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Tercio de Molina

Origin and History

The regiment was created in Aragon in January 1705. On 28 February 1707, it took the name of “Terdio de Aragon”.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the tercio was under the command of:

  • from January 1705: Colonel Don Juan Belloto y Dezcallar
  • from 1708: Colonel Don Juan Serrano

The regiment was disbanded on 20 April 1715 and incorporated in the Regimiento de Aragon as its second battalion.

Service during the War

In 1705, the regiment joined the division of the General Count de las Torres who campaigned against the rebels in Aragon. It was then posted in Fraga to observe the Austrians. When Archduke Charles advanced on Madrid, the regiment retired to Andalusia by Valencia.

In 1707, the regiment embarked for Ceuta, on the coast of North Africa, where it remained until April 1708 when it was transferred to Pamplona in Spain.

Uniform

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Privates

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Officers

Uniforms of officers differed from those of privates and NCOs by the finer material used. Their waistcoat, saddle cloth and housings were edged with a wide golden braid.

In the infantry, officers wore a silver or gold gorget and a spontoon.

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • colonel: a baton with a gold knob
  • lieutenant-colonel: a baton with a silver knob
  • sargento mayor: a baton with a silver topped knob
  • captain: baton as worn under the reign of the Habsburg
  • lieutenant: baton as worn under the reign of the Habsburg
  • sub-lieutenant: baton with a horn band and a silver ring

NCOs

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • sergeant : baton without knob and halberd
  • mariscal de logis (quartermaster): small white woolen epaulette
  • brigadier: swagger stick
  • corporal of squadron: swagger stick
  • second corporal of squadron (rank suppressed in 1706): swagger stick

Musicians

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Colours

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References

This article is mostly made of abridged and adapted excerpts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Clonard, Conde de, Historia Orgánica de las Armas de Infantería y Caballería, vol. XI, Madrid, 1851-62, p. 375