Tercio de Osuna

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Tercio de Osuna

Origin and History

The tercio was raised on 27 November 1703 for the “Maestre de campo” Don Antonio de Figueroa y Silva. It consisted of only 600 men (arquebusiers and pikemen).

On 10 November 1704, it was reorganised as a regiment and subdivided into 13 companies.

On 28 February 1707, the tercio was renamed “Regimiento de Osuna”.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the tercio was under the command of:

  • from 27 November 1703: Don Antonio de Figueroa y Silva
  • from 10 November 1704: Don Francisco Galiano y Córdoba

On 10 February 1718, the regiment was renamed “Regimiento de Madrid” but it was disbanded a few years later on 22 February 1721 and incorporated in the “Regimiento de Sevilla” as its second battalion.

Service during the War

In 1704, the new tercio was sent to Ceuta on the coast of North Africa.

Uniform

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Privates

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Officers

Uniforms of officers differed from those of privates and NCOs by the finer material used. Their waistcoat, saddle cloth and housings were edged with a wide golden braid.

In the infantry, officers wore a silver or gold gorget and a spontoon.

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • colonel: a baton with a gold knob
  • lieutenant-colonel: a baton with a silver knob
  • sargento mayor: a baton with a silver topped knob
  • captain: baton as worn under the reign of the Habsburg
  • lieutenant: baton as worn under the reign of the Habsburg
  • sub-lieutenant: baton with a horn band and a silver ring

NCOs

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • sergeant : baton without knob and halberd
  • mariscal de logis (quartermaster): small white woolen epaulette
  • brigadier: swagger stick
  • corporal of squadron: swagger stick
  • second corporal of squadron (rank suppressed in 1706): swagger stick

Musicians

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Colours

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References

This article is mostly made of abridged and adapted excerpts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Clonard, Conde de, Historia Orgánica de las Armas de Infantería y Caballería, vol. XI, Madrid, 1851-62, p. 103