Tercio de Salamanca

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Tercio de Salamanca

Origin and History

The tercio was raised in Ciudad-Rodrigo in the Province of Salamanca on 3 March 1703 for the “Maestre de campo” Don José de Chaves Osorio. It counted a staff and 12 companies for a total of 600 men.

In September 1704, the tercio was renamed “Regimiento de Salamanca.” It still consisted of a single battalion.

In 1706, the regiment received a second battalion formed of cadet companies.

In 1707, the regiment officially ranked sixteenth.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the tercio was under the command of:

  • from 3 March 1703: Don José de Chaves Osorio (later Marquis de Almodovar)

On 20 April 1715, the regiment was disbanded and incorporated in the Regimiento de Asturias as its second battalion.

Service during the War

In 1706, the regiment took part in the campaign of Castile.

In 1707, part of the regiment took part in the defence of Fortress Ciudad Rodrigo. On 25 April the regiment fought in the Battle of Almansa, where it distinguished itself.

On 8 December 1710, the regiment took part in the Combat of Brihuega (Guadalajara). At the end of the campaign, the companies forming the second battalion were disbanded in Ciudad Rodrigo.

Uniform

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Privates

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Officers

Uniforms of officers differed from those of privates and NCOs by the finer material used. Their waistcoat, saddle cloth and housings were edged with a wide golden braid.

In the infantry, officers wore a silver or gold gorget and a spontoon.

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • colonel: a baton with a gold knob
  • lieutenant-colonel: a baton with a silver knob
  • sargento mayor: a baton with a silver topped knob
  • captain: baton as worn under the reign of the Habsburg
  • lieutenant: baton as worn under the reign of the Habsburg
  • sub-lieutenant: baton with a horn band and a silver ring

NCOs

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • sergeant : baton without knob and halberd
  • mariscal de logis (quartermaster): small white woolen epaulette
  • brigadier: swagger stick
  • corporal of squadron: swagger stick
  • second corporal of squadron (rank suppressed in 1706): swagger stick

Musicians

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Colours

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References

This article is mostly made of abridged and adapted excerpts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Clonard, Conde de, Historia Orgánica de las Armas de Infantería y Caballería, vol. XI, Madrid, 1851-62, p. 125

Other sources

Ejécrito de Tierre - Regimiento de Infantería 'Arapiles' 62