Thomas Meredith's Foot

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> British Army >> Thomas Meredith's Foot

Origin and History

The regiment was raised on 13 February 1702 in Dublin by Thomas Meredith. It counted a single battalion.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive proprietors of the regiment were:

  • from 13 February 1702: Thomas Meredith (assumed command of the Scots Fusiliers in 1710)
  • from 1 May 1710 to 23 August 1715: William Windress

After the war, in 1715, the regiment returned to Great Britain where it served in Scotland during the First Jacobite Rebellion.

Service during the War

In May 1703, the regiment sailed for the Netherlands where it garrisoned Breda.

In 1704, the regiment was part of Marlborough's army for the campaign of the Danube. On 2 July, the regiment took part in the storming of the Schellenberg. On 13 August, it fought at the Battle of Blenheim.

In 1706, on 23 May, the regiment was at the Battle of Ramillies.

In 1708, the regiment took part in the siege of Lille and in the capture of Bruges and Ghent.

On 11 September 1709, the regiment took part in the Battle of Malplaquet. The regiment was then transferred to North America to assist the New England colonies in their struggle against the French.

In August 1711, the regiment sailed up the Saint-Laurent River aboard a British fleet, losing more than 250 men when one of the ships sank during a storm.

Uniform

There were still no regulation concerning uniforms and colonels were responsible for the clothing of their soldiers. Therefore, there were wide variations from one regiment to another.

Hairs were worn long in a “long bob”. They were sometimes tied at the back of the neck. The hair bag was also already in use.

Men as well as officers were clean-shaven. Officers sometimes wore small moustaches.

We have been unable to find any description of the uniform of this regiment. Farmer just mentions: scarlet uniform with yellow facings.

Colours

no information found yet

References

Farmer, John S.: The Regimental Records of the British Army, London: Grant Richards, 1901

Lawson, Cecil C. P.: A History of the Uniforms of the British Army, Vol. 1 From the beginning to 1760, London: Kaye & Ward, pp. 12-54

Mills, T. F., Land Forces of Britain the Empire and Commonwealth (an excellent website which unfortunately seems to have disappeared from the web)

N.B.: the section Service during the War is partly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.