Tilemann Infantry

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Hesse-Kassel Army >> Tilemann Infantry

Origin and History

The regiment was raised in 1703 by Colonel Ludwig Tilemann to 10 companies in one battalion. Three of these companies were contributed by in the Sames regiment.

Between 1703 and 1705 the regiment was in the service and pay of Hesse. From 1706 to 1712 it was half paid by Great Britain and half by the Dutch Republic.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive Chefs of the regiment were:

  • from 1703: Colonel Ludwig Tilemann, called Schenk (killed in action at the Combat of Speyerbach on 15 November 1703)
  • from 1703: Colonel Gerhard Burghard Rechtern, Baron von Almelo (retired as brigadier on 26 June 1706)
  • from 1706: Colonel Henrich XVII. Count of Reuss (died on 21 September 1706)
  • from 1706: Colonel Johann Moritz von Uffeln (retired in 1707)
  • from 1707: Colonel Hans Ludwig von Baumbach
  • from 1710 to 1717: Lieutenant General Jacob Friedrich von Kettler

The regiment was disbanded in 1731. The best soldiers were divided between the Regiment König and the Regiment Garde.

Service during the War

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment served with Allied armies in the Netherlands, on the Rhine, as well as in Bavaria and Italy.

After its formation in 1703, six companies of the regiment formed the garrison of the Fortress of Rheinfels. In November, the regiment formed part of an allied force, under the command of the Count of Nassau-Weilburg and the Erbprinz of Hesse-Kassel, attempted to relieve the city of Landau, which was besieged by French troops, On 15 November, this led to the Combat of Speyerbach, where the regiment was deployed In the corps of the Erbprinz of Hesse-Kassel in the second line of the right wing. At that time the regiment had a nominal strength of 617 men, however, due to detachments and further departures due to illness prior to the battle, it can be assumed that the strength of the regiment did not exceed 372 men.

The regiment suffered heavy losses in the Combat of Speyerbach. Due to the surprise attack of the Franco-Bavarian army, the Allied line of battle was thrown into disarray. Even though the Tilemann regiment was assigned to second line, the great losses suggest that the regiment was directly confronted with the advancing enemy forces. The report of Erbprinz Prince Frederick of Hesse-Kassel to the Netherlands dated 4 December 1703 shows that the regiment had 10 dead or missing officers, 5 more had been captured. The regiment had 212 killed and wounded soldiers, 4 soldiers were reported as captured. Among the fallen was the chef of the regiment, Colonel Ludwig Tilemann. He was succeeded by Colonel Gerhard Burghard Rechtern, Baron von Almelo, who retired on 26 June 1706. He was succeeded by Colonel Henrich XVII, Count of Reuss.

On 8 September 1706, the regiment, which had been transferred to Italy, fought in the Battle of Castiglione. After the defeat of the Hessian troops, with up to 1,500 killed and wounded and 2,500 prisoners, the rest of the force withdrew to Valeggio. Colonel Henrich XVII, Count of Reuss, died on 21 September 1706 in Trento and was buried on 30 September 1706 in the Lutheran cemetery in Bolzano. His successor was Colonel Johann Moritz von Uffeln, who retired in 1707.

After the retirement of Colonel von Uffeln, Colonel Hans Ludwig von Baumbach became chef of the regiment. In July and August 1707, the regiment took part in the unsuccessful Siege of Toulon.

In 1708, the regiment was posted in the strategically well-located and heavily fortified Fortress of Rheinfels, presumably in garrison.

From June to August 1709, the regiment was present at the Siege of Tournai.

Since 1710, the regiment was called Kettler (also Kethler), after its new Chef Lieutenant-General Jacob Friedrich von Kettler. It was under this name that the regiment distinguished itself in the Battle of Denain on 24 July 1712.

Uniform

For the time of the War of the Spanish Succession, no details of the uniforms are documented. Details can be found only for the years 1721-1722, based on officer portraits, which are exhibited in the Museum Schloss Friedrichstein.

In 1722, the uniform consisted of a coat blue with red lining, blue cuffs blue, and tin buttons.

Colours

There is no reliable information about the colours carried by the regiment.

References

Apell, Ferdinand von: Der Versuch zum Entsatze Landaus und die Schlacht am Speyerbach, bei Speyer, Dudenhofen oder Heiligenstein, am 15. November 1703, Marburg 1906, pp. 86-87, 90

Army Hesse-Kassel: Grundlage zur Militär-Geschichte des Landgräflich Hessischen Corps. Cassel 1798, pp. 131-134

Böhm, Uwe Peter: Hessisches Militär: Die Truppen der Landgrafschaft Hessen-Kassel 1672-1806, Herausgegeben im Auftrag der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Heereskunde e.V., Beckum 1986

Goldberg, Claus-Peter and Jean Belaubre: Hessen-Kassel 1701-1714. Kaltenkirchen 1995, p. 12

Hall, Robert: Uniforms and Flags of the Army of Hesse-Kassel under Landgrave Carl 1670-1730, 2006, pp. 104-105

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.

Acknowledgements

Björn Wiegand for the initial version of this article