Toulongeon Dragoons

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Toulongeon Dragoons

Origin and History

This Walloon regiment was raised in 1707 in the Spanish Netherlands by the Comte de Toulongeon who had been appointed by King Philip V the same year as one of the commanding officers in Flanders.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the owner of the regiment was:

The regiment was disbanded in 1710 when the Spaniards were forced to leave the Netherlands.

Service during the War

At its creation in 1707, the regiment initially served in the Spanish Netherlands.

In 1710, the regiment was disbanded.

Uniform

Troopers

Uniform in 1707 - Copyright: Michele Savasta Fiore
Uniform Details in 1707
Headgear red fatigue cap with a blue flap laced yellow
Neck stock white cravate
Coat red with copper buttons on the right side
Collar none
Shoulder straps a yellow aiguillette on the right shoulder
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 copper buttons
Cuffs blue, each with 3 copper buttons
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat probably blue with copper buttons
Breeches blue (probably buff leather during campaign)
Leather Equipment
Bandolier natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather worn above the coat (white for grenadiers)
Cartridge Box natural leather ventral cartridge box
Scabbard black leather with a white metal tip
Footgear natural leather gaiters
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth blue bordered with a yellow braid with a central blue stripe
Housings blue bordered with a yellow braid with a central blue stripe and decorated with the cipher of Philip V in gold
Blanket roll no information found


Troopers were armed with a sword, two pistols and a carbine.

Officers

Uniforms of officers differed from those of privates and NCOs by the finer material used. Their waistcoat, saddle cloth and housings were edged with a wide golden braid.

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • colonel: a baton with a gold knob
  • lieutenant-colonel: a baton with a silver knob
  • sargento mayor: a baton with a silver topped knob
  • captain: silver or golden epaulettes (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on both shoulders
  • lieutenant: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the right shoulder
  • cornet: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the left shoulder

NCOs

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • sergeant : baton without knob and halberd
  • mariscal de logis (quartermaster): small white woolen epaulette
  • brigadier: swagger stick
  • corporal of squadron: swagger stick
  • second corporal of squadron (rank suppressed in 1706): swagger stick

Musicians

Drummers probably wore a “reversed colours” uniform: blue coat with red distinctive.

Guidons

Tentative reconstruction of the guidons of the regiment.

Colonela Guidon - Copyright: Michele Savasta Fiore using a template contributed by Gilbert Noury
Ordonnance Guidon - Copyright: Michele Savasta Fiore using a template contributed by Gilbert Noury

References

Acknowledgment

Michele Savasta Fiore for the initial version of this article.