Toulouse Cavalerie

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Toulouse Cavalerie

Origin and History

The regiment was raised by the Marquis d'Heudicourt on 1 March 1674.

In 1675, during the Franco-Dutch War (1672-78), the regiment took part in the Battle of Konzer Brücke; in 1676, in the Battle of Kochersberg; in 1677, in the capture of Freiburg; and in 1678, in the Battle of Rheinfelden. After the war, the regiment was disbanded.

In 1682, the regiment was re-established as “Praslin Cavalerie”. In 1683, it was at the camp of the Sarre. In 1684, it was present at the siege of Luxembourg.

From 1688, during the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment campaigned in Flanders. In 1693 it took part in the Battle of Landen. On 28 August 1693, it became the property of the Comte de Toulouse, the Grand Amiral de France, and took the name of “Toulouse Cavalerie”. In 1695, the regiment was at the bombardment of Bruxelles. In 1696 and 1697, it served on the Meuse with the Maréchal de Boufflers.

In 1698, the regiment was at the camp of Compiègne.

At the beginning of the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment counted two squadrons. It seems that, by 1704, it had been increased to three squadrons.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the nominal commander of the regiment was:

  • from 28 August 1693 to 1 December 1737: Louis Alexandre de Bourbon, Comte de Toulouse

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive mestres de camp lieutenants of the regiment were:

  • from 15 November 1693: Antoine d’Aix de La Chaise, Comte de Souternon
  • from 1 February 1702: Louis-Jean-Baptiste de Goyon-Matignon, Comte de Gacé
  • from 22 September 1706 to 27 March 1714: N. de Richelieu-Aiguillon, Comte d’Agénois

Service during the War

In mid-February 1701, the regiment occupied Malines in the Spanish Netherlands. By October, it was posted in Antwerp. It took up its winter-quarters in Lierre.

By the end of April 1702, the regiment was posted in the Upper Guelderland. On 11 June, it was present at the Engagement of Nijmegen. By mid-September, if formed part of Boufflers’s Army at the camp of Beringen near Limbourg in the Low Countries. It then numbered 238 men in two squadrons.

In February and March 1703, the regiment was present at the Siege of Kehl. On 30 June, it took part in the 1703-06-30 – Battle of Ekeren.

At the end of February 1704, the regiment was quartered in Antwerp. At the end of May, it formed part of the army of the Marquis de Bedmar, which was encamped near Saint-Trond (aka Sint-Truiden).

On 23 May 1706, the regiment took part in the Battle of Ramillies.

On 11 July 1708, the regiment fought in the Battle of Oudenarde.

On 11 September 1709, the regiment took part in the Battle of Malplaquet.

On 24 July 1712, the regiment was present at the Battle of Denain. In August and September, it was at the recapture of Douai. In September and October, it was at the recapture of Le Quesnoy. In October, it took part in the recapture of Bouchain.

In 1713, the regiment was transferred to the Rhine, where it was present at the sieges of Landau and Freiburg.

Uniform

no information found

Standards

Regimental standards (silken standards): crimson field, embroidered and fringed in gold

  • obverse: centre device consisting of a golden royal sun surmounted by a red scroll lined blue bearing the royal motto “Nec Pluribus Impar” in black; a golden fleur de lys in each corner
  • reverse: centre device consisting of a knight mounted on a winged horse surmounted by a scroll bearing the motto “Terraque, Marique”; a golden fleur de lys in each corner
Tentative Reconstruction
Regimental Standard - Copyright: Kronoskaf

References

This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Susane, Louis: Histoire de la cavalerie française, Vol. 3, J. Hetzel et Cie, Paris, 1874, pp. 1-8
  • Pajol, Charles P. V.: Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891, p. 359-360

Other sources

Funcken, L. and F., Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.