Toulouse Infanterie

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Toulouse Infanterie

Origin and History

The regiment, initially counting 16 companies, was created by the regulation of 20 February 1684 for the Comte de Toulouse, the natural sons of Louis XIV and Madame de Montespan. It was known as “Toulouse Infanterie”.

In 1690, during the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment took part in the Battle of Fleurus. In 1691, it participated in the siege of Mons and in the Battle of Leuze; in 1692, in the siege of Namur, in the Battle of Steenkerque and in the Bombardment of Charleroi; in 1693, in the siege of Huy, in the Battle of Landen and in the siege of Charleroi; in 1694, in the famous march from Wignamont to the bridge of Espierres; and in 1695, in the bombardment of Bruxelles and in the Combat of Tongres. In 1696 and 1697, it campaigned on the Meuse.

In 1698, the regiment took part in the training camp of Compiègne.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was commanded by:

  • from 4 April 1693: Jean Comte de Cadrieu
  • from 8 May 1703 to 15 March 1718: Jean-Louis, Comte d’Hautefort-Bosen

In 1715, the regiment was reduced to two battalions.

Service during the War

In 1701, the regiment was sent to Germany.

In September 1702, the regiment left Strasbourg under the command of Villars and took part in the capture of Neuenburg. On 14 October, the regiment fought in the Battle of Friedlingen.

In February and March 1703, the regiment took part in the Siege of Kehl. At the end of April, it formed part of Villars’ Army during his march to Bavaria. On 1 May, the regiment took part in the attack of the entrenchments of Hornberg and in the capture of the town. On 31, it fought in the combat of Munderkingen and, on 20 September, in the Battle of Höchstädt. It later participated in the capture of Kempten and Augsburg.

On 2 July 1704, the first battalion of the regiment distinguished itself in the Battle of Schellenberg under Colonel d’Hautefort. On August 13, the entire regiment was present at the Battle of Blenheim where it was attached to Marsin’s Corps and was not seriously engaged. When it retired to the Rhine, the regiment was thrown into Landau. In September, it was besieged in Landau by the Allies. Its two grenadier companies along with those of “Beaufermés Infanterie” sallied out of the place, attacked the trenches, filled part of them and nailed a battery. The two captains, MM. de Rochecolombe and de Verdal were wounded while retiring. On November 22, Captain de Brunières, at the head of 50 grenadiers vainly tried to drive the enemy out of the left counter-guard. He was mortally wounded during the attack. Landau capitulated after 69 days of open trench. On November 25, the regiment marched out of Landau and retired to Strasbourg.

In 1705, the regiment was increased to three battalions and continued to serve in Alsace.

In 1706, under Villars, the regiment took part in the relief of Fort-Louis and in the capture of Drusenheim, Lauterbourg, Haguenau and the Marquisat Island.

In 1707, the regiment took part in the attack on the Lines of Stolhofen and in all of Villars’ expeditions on both banks of the Rhine.

In 1708, the regiment was charged to guard the artillery of the combined armies of the Elector of Bavaria and Maréchal de Berwick. In June, it was at the camp of Petite-Pierre and for the rest of the campaign, it successively occupied Bouquenom and Forbach.

In 1709, the regiment was stationed at Salembach in the Lines of the Lauter. On 26 August, it took part in the Combat of Rumersheim.

In 1710, the regiment was posted at Strasbourg and Brisach.

In 1711, a battalion was attached to Berwick’s Contingent which joined the Army of Dauphiné. At the end of the year, this battalion was sent to Spain where it would remain till the end of the war.

In 1713, the two other battalions served at the sieges of Landau and Freiburg.

Uniform

To do

Colours

Colonel Colour - Copyright: Kronoskaf
Ordonnance Colour - Copyright: Kronoskaf

References

This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Susane, Louis: Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française, J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 7, pp. 80-84